Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Tufted duck

In Thai: เป็ดเปีย, ped pia

Binomial name: Aythya fuligula, Carolus Linnaeus, 1758

The Tufted duck (Aythya fuligula) is a small diving duck with a population of close to one million birds.

Description

The adult male is all black except for white flanks and a blue-grey bill. It has an obvious head tuft that gives the species its name. The adult female is brown with paler flanks, and is more easily confused with other diving ducks. In particular, some have white around the bill base which resembles the scaup species, although the white is never as extensive as in those ducks. The females' call is a harsh, growling "karr", mostly given in flight. The males are mostly silent but they make whistles during courtship based on a simple "wit-oo".

The only duck which is at all similar is the drake greater scaup which however has no tuft and a different call.

The tufted duck is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) applies.

Distribution

The tufted duck breeds widely throughout temperate and northern Eurasia. It occasionally can be found as a winter visitor along both coasts of the United States and Canada. It is believed to have expanded its traditional range with the increased availability of open water due to gravel extraction, and the spread of freshwater mussels, a favourite food. These ducks are migratory in most of their range, and winter in the milder south and west of Europe, southern Asia and all year in most of the United Kingdom. They will form large flocks on open water in winter.

Habitat

Their breeding habitat is close to marshes and lakes with plenty of vegetation to conceal the nest. They are also found on coastal lagoons, the seashore, and sheltered ponds.

Food

These birds feed mainly by diving, but they will sometimes upend from the surface. They eat molluscs, aquatic insects and some plants and sometimes feed at night.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Anseriformes
Family
Anatidae
Genus
Aythya
Species
Aythya fuligula

Common names

  • Thai: เป็ดเปีย, ped pia

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Range Map

Distribution map of Tufted duck, Aythya fuligula in Thailand
  • Bang Len District, Nakhon Pathom
  • Bueng Boraped Non-Hunting Area
  • Chiang Saen District, Chiang Rai
  • Mae Chan District, Chiang Rai
  • Mueang Chiang Mai District, Chiang Mai
  • Mueang Pattani District, Pattani
  • Nong Bong Khai Non-Hunting Area
  • Sathing Phra District, Songkhla
Range map of Aythya fuligula in Thailand