Species of Thailand

Swinhoe's snipe

Gallinago megala, Robert Swinhoe, 1861

(In Thai: นกปากซ่อมสวินโฮ)

Swinhoe's snipe, Gallinago megala, also known as forest snipe or Chinese snipe, is a medium-sized (length 27–29 cm, wingspan 38–44 cm, weight 120 gm), long-billed, migratory wader.

The common name commemorates the British naturalist Robert Swinhoe who first described the species in 1861.

Identification

It is identifiable as a Gallinago snipe by its cryptically patterned black, brown, buff and white plumage, but it is not easily distinguished from Latham's and pin-tailed snipe in the field. The species is commonly referred to as a cho suekyung in South Korea.

Distribution

It breeds mainly in central and southern Siberia and Mongolia. The entire population migrates and spends the non-breeding season principally in eastern and southern India, Sri Lanka, south-eastern China, South-East Asia and New Guinea. It has been recorded on migration in eastern China and occasionally in Japan. Records in Australia are mainly from the Top End of the Northern Territory and from north-western Western Australia.

Habitat

Breeding habitat: forest glades and meadows. Non-breeding habitat: shallow freshwater wetlands of various kinds including paddy fields and sewage farms, with bare mud or shallow water for feeding, with nearby vegetation cover.

Food

Mainly small invertebrates including earthworms, mollusks and insects.

Breeding

Display flights and drumming by the males.

Conservation

Because of wide range and no evidence of significant population decline, the species is assessed as being of least concern.

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Category / Seasonal Status

Wiki listed status (concerning Thai population): Very rare winter visitor

BCST Category: Recorded in an apparently wild state within the last 50 years

BCST Seasonal status: vagrant (non-breeding visitor with three or fewer records)

Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Charadriiformes
Family
Scolopacidae
Genus
Gallinago
Species
Gallinago megala

Common names

  • Thai: นกปากซ่อมสวินโฮ

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Photos

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Gallinago megala

Range Map

Distribution map of Swinhoe's snipe, Gallinago megala in Thailand
  • Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park
  • Pathum Thani Province
Range map of Gallinago megala in Thailand