Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Sunda pygmy woodpecker

Thai: นกหัวขวานด่างแคระปักษ์ใต้, nok hūa khwaan daang khrae phaktai

Binomial name: Yungipicus moluccensis, Johann Friedrich Gmelin, 1788

The Sunda pygmy woodpecker (Yungipicus moluccensis), also known as the Sunda woodpecker, is a species of bird in the family Picidae. It is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore. Some taxonomic authorities continue to place this species in the genus Dendrocopos or Picoides.


It is a small sized woodpecker (Size range: 11.5-12.5 cm). Greyish brown capped head; ear covers dark brown with two rather broad whitish grey bands narrowing towards neck. Upper parts greyish brown with white wings tipped with white thus appearing striped. Tail short and blakish with white bands. Lores and throat white leading into dirty white underparts. Upper breast streaked with brown reducing towards vent. Whitish underwing coverts with pale brown. Sexes dimorphic. Males have a reddish orange crown which is absent in females.


Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical mangrove forest, and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest.

Ecology and Natural History

A common visitor to urban areas and forests in Singapore. Often found singly or in pairs rapidly moving up trees. Found from ground right up into the topmost branches of trees on dead branches.

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Scientific classification

Yungipicus moluccensis

Common names

  • Thai: นกหัวขวานด่างแคระปักษ์ใต้, nok hūa khwaan daang khrae phaktai

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

No photo for this species yet

Distribution map of Sunda pygmy woodpecker, Yungipicus moluccensis in Thailand
  • La-ngu District, Satun
  • Mueang Phang Nga District, Phang Nga
  • Mueang Satun District, Satun

Range map of Yungipicus moluccensis in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

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