Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Striated swallow

Binomial name: Cecropis striolata, Coenraad Jacob Temminck & Hermann Schlegel, 1847

The striated swallow (Cecropis striolata) is a species of swallow found in open, often hilly areas, clearings and cultivation in South and Southeast Asia to northeastern India and Taiwan.

The striated swallow was formerly sometimes considered to a subspecies of red-rumped swallow.

Description

The striated swallow is 19 cm long with a deeply forked tail. It has blue upperparts other than a reddish collar (sometimes absent) and streaked chestnut rump. The face and underparts are white with heavy dark streaking. The wing are brown. The sexes are alike but juveniles are duller and browner, with a paler rump and shorter outer tail feathers.

There are four races:

  • C. s. striolata breeds in Taiwan, The Philippines and Indonesia.
  • C. s. mayri breeds from northeastern India to northwestern Myanmar. It has broader streaks than nominate striolata.
  • C. s. stanfordi breeds from northeastern Myanmar to northern Thailand. It has broad streaks.
  • C. s. vernayi breeds locally in western Thailand. It is more rufous below than the nominate race, and is only faintly streaked on the rump.

The contact call is pin, the alarm is chi-chi-chi, and the song is a soft twittering.

This species, particularly subspecies mayri is very similar to red-rumped swallow of the race japonicus, but is larger, more heavily streaked, and has a less distinct neck collar.

Migration

The island subspecies are essentially resident, but the continental races mayri and stanfordi are partial migrants which move south in the winter.

Breeding

The striated swallow breeds from April to July alone or semi-colonially with scattered nests. The nest is a retort or bottle shaped structure, made from mud pellets and lined with dried grasses and feathers. The clutch is usually four, sometimes five, white eggs except for badia, where two eggs is normal. Both sexes build the nest, and share incubation and the care of the young.

Nests are constructed in natural caves, but very often in artificial sites on bridges, in culverts and on buildings.

Feeding

The striated swallow feeds low over the ground or at cliff faces on flying insects. It has a slow buoyant flight compared to barn swallow. It will feed with other swallow species.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Passeriformes
Family
Hirundinidae
Genus
Cecropis
Species
Cecropis striolata

Subspecies

  • Cecropis striolata mayri, B. P. Hall, 1953

    Range: Breeds from northeastern India to northwestern Myanmar. It has broader streaks than nominate striolata.

  • Cecropis striolata stanfordi, Austin Loomer Rand & Ernst Walter Mayr, 1941

    Range: Breeds from northeastern Myanmar to northern Thailand. It has broad streaks.

  • Cecropis striolata striolata, Hermann Schlegel, 1844

    Range: Breeds in Taiwan, The Philippines and Indonesia.

  • Cecropis striolata vernayi, Norman Boyd Kinnear, 1924

    Range: Breeds locally in western Thailand. It is more rufous below than the nominate race, and is only faintly streaked on the rump.

Synonyms

  • Hirundo striolata

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Distribution map of Striated swallow, Cecropis striolata in Thailand

Range map of Cecropis striolata in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

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