Species of Thailand

Slaty-legged crake

Rallina eurizonoides, Nöel Frédéric Armand André de Lafresnaye, 1845

(In Thai: นกอัญชันป่าขาเทา)

The slaty-legged crake or banded crake (Rallina eurizonoides) is a waterbird in the rail and crake family, Rallidae.

Distribution and habitat

Its breeding habitat is swamps and similar wet areas in well-wooded country across south Asia east from India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka to the Philippines and Indonesia. The rails are mainly permanent residents throughout their range, but some northern populations migrate further south in winter.

Description

The -legged crake is about 25 cm long. Its body is flattened laterally to allow easier passage through the undergrowth. It has long toes and a short tail. Colouring includes a brown back, chestnut head and breast, and strong black-and-white barring on the flanks, belly and undertail. The throat is white, the bill is yellowish, and the legs are green. Sexes are similar; juveniles are dark brown above and below, although they have the belly barring and white throat.

Behaviour

Slaty-legged crakes are territorial, but are quite secretive, hiding in bushes when disturbed. They probe with their bill in mud or shallow water, also picking up food by sight. They forage for berries and insects on the ground, or clambering through bushes and undergrowth. They nest in a dry location on the ground or low bush, laying 4–8 eggs. A study conducted in Nilambur, Kerala in southern India shows that the incubation period was about 20 days.

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Category / Seasonal Status

Wiki listed status (concerning Thai population): Rare, mainly winter visitor

BCST Category: Recorded in an apparently wild state within the last 50 years

BCST Seasonal status: Non-breeding visitor

Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Gruiformes
Family
Rallidae
Genus
Rallina
Species
Rallina eurizonoides

Common names

  • Thai: นกอัญชันป่าขาเทา

Synonyms

  • Rallina minahasa
  • Rallina euryzonoides

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (BCST)

Photos

No photo for this species yet

Range Map

Distribution map of Slaty-legged crake, Rallina eurizonoides in Thailand
  • Bangkok Province
  • Doi Inthanon National Park
  • Kaeng Krachan National Park
  • Khao Phra - Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Sok National Park
  • Khao Yai National Park
  • Klaeng District, Rayong
  • Ko Man Nai
  • Mueang Chonburi District, Chonburi
  • Nam Nao National Park
  • Samae San Island
  • Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary
Range map of Rallina eurizonoides in Thailand