Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Slaty-legged crake

Thai: นกอัญชันป่าขาเทา, nok an-chan pa kaa thao

Binomial name: Rallina eurizonoides, Nöel Frédéric Armand André de Lafresnaye, 1845

The slaty-legged crake or banded crake (Rallina eurizonoides) is a waterbird in the rail and crake family Rallidae.

Distribution and habitat

Its breeding habitat is swamps and similar wet areas in well-wooded country across south Asia east from India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka to the Philippines and Indonesia. The rails are mainly permanent residents throughout their range, but some northern populations migrate further south in winter.


The slaty-legged crake is about 25 cm long. Its body is flattened laterally to allow easier passage through the undergrowth. It has long toes and a short tail. Colouring includes a brown back, chestnut head and breast, and strong black-and-white barring on the flanks, belly and undertail. The throat is white, the bill is yellowish, and the legs are green. Sexes are similar; juveniles are dark brown above and below, although they have the belly barring and white throat.


Slaty-legged crakes are territorial, but are quite secretive, hiding in bushes when disturbed. They probe with their bill in mud or shallow water, also picking up food by sight. They forage for berries and insects on the ground, or clambering through bushes and undergrowth. They nest in a dry location on the ground or low bush, laying 4-8 eggs.

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Scientific classification

Rallina eurizonoides

Common names

  • Thai: นกอัญชันป่าขาเทา, nok an-chan pa kaa thao


  • Rallina euryzonoides
  • Rallina minahasa

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Distribution map of Slaty-legged crake, Rallina eurizonoides in Thailand

Range map of Rallina eurizonoides in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

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