Species of Thailand

MacClelland's coral snake

Sinomicrurus macclellandi, Johannes Theodor Reinhardt, 1844

(In Thai: งูปล้องหวายลายขวั้นดำ, ngu plong wai lai khwan dam)

Sinomicrurus macclellandi, commonly known as MacClelland's coral snake, is a species of venomous snake in the family Elapidae. The species is endemic to southern and eastern Asia.

Etymology

The specific name, macclellandi, is in honor of John McClelland, a physician and naturalist, who worked for the East India Company.

Description

S. macclellandi is a small snake, about 40 - 80 cm sigfig=2 in total length (including tail), and has a thin body. Dorsally, it is reddish-brown, with thin, black cross bars, and its belly is creamy white. The head is small, round and black in color, with a broad, creamy white transverse band, and black outlines at the middle of the head. The dorsal scales on the body are smooth, and they are arranged, at midbody, in 13 parallel longitudinal rows.

Geographic range

S. macclellandi is found in Northern India (Assam, Sikkim, Darjeeling, Mizoram); Arunachal Pradesh (Deban – Changlang district, Chessa, Chimpu – Papum Pare district), Nepal, N Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Vietnam, Central and Southern China (including Hong Kong, Hainan, north to Gansu and Shaanxi), Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Taiwan.

Subspecies

Four subspecies are recognized, including the nominate subspecies.

  • Sinomicrurus macclellandi iwasakii
  • Sinomicrurus macclellandi macclellandi
  • Sinomicrurus macclellandi swinhoei
  • Sinomicrurus macclellandi univirgatus

S. m. iwasakii is found on Ishigaki Island and other Ryukyu Islands in Japan. , S. m. swinhoei is found in Taiwan. , S. m. univirgatus is found in Nepal, and Sikkim.

Behavior and habitat

S. macclellandi is mainly nocturnal and terrestrial. It occurs in forest litter, hillside, and lowland. It is often found hiding under leaves. Although this is a venomous species, it is quite docile and not likely to strike actively.

Diet

S. macclellandi preys on small reptiles, such as lizards and snakes.

Venom

Like other elapids, S. macclellandi possesses a potent neurotoxic venom, which is capable of killing a person. Bite symptoms include numbness of lips and difficulty of speech and breathing, followed by blurred vision. Severe bite victims may die of instant heart failure, although there have been only a few human deaths recorded in Thailand.

Reproduction

S. macclellandi is an oviparous species. Mature females lay clutches of 6-14 eggs.

This article uses material from Wikipedia released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike Licence 3.0. Eventual photos shown in this page may or may not be from Wikipedia, please see the license details for photos in photo by-lines.

Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Subphylum
Vertebrata
Class
Reptilia
Order
Squamata
Suborder
Serpentes
Family
Elapidae
Genus
Sinomicrurus
Species
Sinomicrurus macclellandi

Common names

  • German: MacClellands Korallenotter
  • English: MacClelland’s coral snake
  • Thai: งูปล้องหวายลายขวั้นดำ, ngu plong wai lai khwan dam

Subspecies

  • Sinomicrurus macclellandi iwasakii, Moichirō Maki, 1935

  • Sinomicrurus macclellandi macclellandi, Johannes Theodor Reinhardt, 1844

  • Sinomicrurus macclellandi swinhoei, John Van Denburgh, 1912

  • Sinomicrurus macclellandi univirgatus, Albert Charles Lewis Günther, 1858

Synonyms

  • Sinomicrurus macclellandi, Van Stanley Bartholomew Wallach et al. (2014)
  • Calliophis macclellandi macclellandi, T.S.N. Murthy (2010)
  • Sinomicrurus macclellandi iwasakii, Nguyen Van Sang et al. (2009)
  • Sinomicrurus macclellandi swinhoei, Nguyen Van Sang et al. (2009)
  • Sinomicrurus macclellandi univirgatus, Nguyen Van Sang et al. (2009)
  • Sinomicrurus macclellandi, Thomas Ziegler et al. (2007)
  • Sinomicrurus macclellandi iwasakii, Richard C Goris & Norio Maeda (2004)
  • Calliophis macclellandi iwasakii, Staniszewski (2003)
  • Sinomicrurus macclellandi, Alan E. Leviton et al. (2003)
  • Hemibungarus macclellandii, Nikolai L. Orlov et al. (2003)

Photos

No photo for this species yet

Range Map

Distribution map of MacClelland's coral snake, Sinomicrurus macclellandi in Thailand
  • Bo Kluea District, Nan
  • Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Doi Inthanon National Park
  • Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park
  • Doi Suthep - Pui National Park
  • Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Huai Nam Dang National Park
  • Kaeng Krachan District, Phetchaburi
  • Kaeng Krachan National Park
  • Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Kho District, Phetchabun
  • Khao Yai National Park
  • Khun Chae National Park
  • Mae Taeng District, Chiang Mai
  • Mae Takhrai National Park
  • Mae Tho National Park
  • Namtok Pha Charoen National Park
  • Pang Sida National Park
  • Pha Daeng National Park
  • Phop Phra District, Tak
  • Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Ramkhamhaeng National Park
  • Sakaerat Environmental Research Station
  • Umphang District, Tak
  • Wiang Chai District, Chiang Rai
Range map of Sinomicrurus macclellandi in Thailand