Species of Thailand
Lophura diardi, Charles Lucien Bonaparte, 1856
(In Thai: ไก่ฟ้าพญาลอ)
The Siamese fireback (Lophura diardi) also known as Diard's fireback, is a fairly large, approximately 80 cm long, pheasant. The male has a grey plumage with an extensive facial caruncle, crimson legs and feet, ornamental black crest feathers, reddish brown iris and long curved blackish tail. The female is a brown bird with blackish wing and tail feathers.
The Siamese fireback is distributed to the lowland and evergreen forests of Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam in Southeast Asia. This species is also designated as the national bird of Thailand. The female usually lays between four and eight rosy eggs.
The scientific name commemorates the French naturalist Pierre-Médard Diard.
Due to habitat loss and over-hunting in some areas, the Siamese fireback was evaluated as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List, however, it is now Least Concern.
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Category / Seasonal Status
BCST Category: Recorded in an apparently wild state within the last 50 years
BCST Seasonal status: Resident or presumed resident
- Lophura diardi
- Diard's fireback
- Siamese fireback
- Thai: ไก่ฟ้าพญาลอ
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
Least Concern (BCST)