Species of Thailand

Siamese fireback

Lophura diardi, Charles Lucien Bonaparte, 1856

(In Thai: ไก่ฟ้าพญาลอ)

The Siamese fireback (Lophura diardi) also known as Diard's fireback, is a fairly large, approximately 80 cm long, pheasant. The male has a grey plumage with an extensive facial caruncle, crimson legs and feet, ornamental black crest feathers, reddish brown iris and long curved blackish tail. The female is a brown bird with blackish wing and tail feathers.

The Siamese fireback is distributed to the lowland and evergreen forests of Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam in Southeast Asia. This species is also designated as the national bird of Thailand. The female usually lays between four and eight rosy eggs.

The scientific name commemorates the French naturalist Pierre-Médard Diard.

Status

Due to habitat loss and over-hunting in some areas, the Siamese fireback was evaluated as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List, however, it is now Least Concern.

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Category / Seasonal Status

BCST Category: Recorded in an apparently wild state within the last 50 years

BCST Seasonal status: Resident or presumed resident

Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Galliformes
Family
Phasianidae
Genus
Lophura
Species
Lophura diardi

Common names

  • English:
    • Diard's fireback
    • Siamese fireback
  • Thai: ไก่ฟ้าพญาลอ

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (BCST)

Photos

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Siamese fireback

Range Map

Distribution map of Siamese fireback, Lophura diardi in Thailand
  • Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Chamao - Khao Wong National Park
  • Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Yai National Park
  • Nam Nao National Park
  • Pang Sida National Park
  • Phu Foi Lom National Park
  • Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park
  • Phu Khiao Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Sakaerat Environmental Research Station
  • Thap Lan National Park
  • Thung Salaeng Luang National Park
Range map of Lophura diardi in Thailand