Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Siamese fireback

In Thai: ไก่ฟ้าพญาลอ, kai faa pha-ya-lor

Binomial name: Lophura diardi, Charles Lucien Bonaparte, 1856

The Siamese fireback (Lophura diardi) also known as Diard's fireback, is a fairly large, approximately 80 cm long, pheasant. The male has a grey plumage with an extensive facial caruncle, crimson legs and feet, ornamental black crest feathers, reddish brown iris and long curved blackish tail. The female is a brown bird with blackish wing and tail feathers.

The Siamese fireback is distributed to the lowland and evergreen forests of Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam in Southeast Asia. This species is also designated as the national bird of Thailand. The female usually lays between four and eight rosy eggs.

The scientific name commemorates the French naturalist Pierre-Médard Diard.

Status

Due to habitat loss and over-hunting in some areas, the Siamese fireback was evaluated as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List, however, it is now Least Concern.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Galliformes
Family
Phasianidae
Genus
Lophura
Species
Lophura diardi

Common names

  • English:
    • Diard's fireback
    • Siamese fireback
  • Thai: ไก่ฟ้าพญาลอ, kai faa pha-ya-lor

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Photos

Siamese fireback

Range Map

Distribution map of Siamese fireback, Lophura diardi in Thailand
Range map of Lophura diardi in Thailand