Species of Thailand
Thai: ไก่ฟ้าพญาลอ, kai faa pha-ya-lor
Binomial name: Lophura diardi, Charles Lucien Bonaparte, 1856
The Siamese fireback (Lophura diardi) also known as Diard's fireback is a fairly large, approximately 80 cm long, pheasant. The male has a grey plumage with an extensive red facial skin, crimson legs and feet, ornamental black crest feathers, reddish brown iris and long curved blackish tail. The female is a brown bird with blackish wing and tail feathers.
The Siamese fireback is distributed to the lowland and evergreen forests of Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam in Southeast Asia. This species is also designated as the national bird of Thailand. The female usually lays between four to eight rosy eggs.
The scientific name commemorates the French naturalist Pierre-Médard Diard.
Due to habitat loss and over-hunting in some areas, the Siamese fireback was evaluated as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List, however, it is now Least Concern, because the populations declines were probably overestimated a lot.
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- Lophura diardi
- Diard's fireback
- Siamese fireback
- Thai: ไก่ฟ้าพญาลอ, kai faa pha-ya-lor
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
- Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Chamao - Khao Wong National Park
- Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Yai National Park
- Nam Nao National Park
- Pang Sida National Park
- Phu Foi Lom National Park
- Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park
- Phu Khiao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Sakaerat Environmental Research Station
- Thung Salaeng Luang National Park
Range map of Lophura diardi in Thailand
Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.
Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.
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