Species of Thailand
Thai: นกกะเต็นแดง, nok kraten daeng
Binomial name: Halcyon coromanda, John Aubrey Clarendon Latham, 1790
The ruddy kingfisher (Halcyon coromanda) is a medium-sized tree kingfisher which is widely distributed in east and southeast Asia, ranging from South Korea and Japan in the north, south through the Philippines to the Sunda Islands, and west to China and India. It is migratory, with birds in the northern part of the range migrating as far south as Borneo during winter. Locally common in southern parts of its range, the ruddy kingfisher is rare in Japan, where it is highly sought after by birders. Ruddy kingfishers inhabit forested areas from the temperate to tropical zones, often in thick jungles and rainforests.
Reaching approximately 25 cm, the ruddy kingfisher has a very large, bright red bill and equally red legs. The body is rust red, generally deepening to purple at the tail. There is little sexual dimorphism though some sources state that male birds are somewhat brighter in plumage.
Like other kingfishers, ruddy kingfishers generally feed on fish, crustaceans, and large insects, though in areas with less running water, they are known to take frogs and other amphibians. Due to its preference for heavily forested areas, the kingfisher's high, descending call is more often heard than the bird itself is seen, and these birds generally travel singly or in pairs.
The binomial name recalls the Coromandel Coast of India.
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- Halcyon coromanda
- Thai: นกกะเต็นแดง, nok kraten daeng
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
- Ao Phang-Nga National Park
- Bang Pu Recreation Centre
- Bangkok Province
- Doi Inthanon National Park
- Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park
- Hat Chao Mai National Park
- Kaeng Krachan National Park
- Khao Luang National Park
- Khao Phra - Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park
- Khao Sok National Park
- Khao Yai National Park
- Khura Buri District, Phang Nga
- Klaeng District, Rayong
- Laem Ngop District, Trat
- Mueang Khon Kaen District, Khon Kaen
- Mueang Krabi District, Krabi
- Mueang Phang Nga District, Phang Nga
- Mueang Ranong District, Ranong
- Mueang Satun District, Satun
- Phutthamonthon District, Nakhon Pathom
- Samut Prakan Province
- Similan Islands
- Sirinat National Park
- Surin Islands
Range map of Halcyon coromanda in Thailand
Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.
Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.
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