Thai National Parks

Species of Thailand

Red-tailed laughingthrush

Trochalopteron milnei

Armand David, 1874

In Thai: นกกะรางหางแดง

The red-tailed laughingthrush (Trochalopteron milnei) is a species of bird in the family Leiothrichidae.


Subspecies include:

  • Trochalopteron milnei milnei David, 1874 (NW Fujian, in SE China)
  • Trochalopteron milnei sharpei Rippon, 1901 (N & E Myanmar, NW Thailand, N & C Laos, NW Vietnam, and S. China (W, S & SE Yunnan, W Guangxi).
  • Trochalopteron milnei sinianum Stresemann, 1930 (SE China (SE Sichuan, N Guizhou, C & NE Guangxi, S. Hunan, N. Guangdong).
  • Trochalopteron milnei vitryi (Delacour, 1932) (S. Laos, Vietnam)


Trochalopteron milnei can reach a body length of about 26 - 28 cm and a weight of about 66 - 93 g. These medium-sized laughingthrushes are dull ochrous-grey, with a bright rufous-chestnut crown and a blackish face, with whitish ear-coverts. Wings and tail are crimson.

Distribution and habitat

This species can be found in China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam. These birds mainly inhabit the uderstorey of broadleaf evergreen forests,

They are strictly montane, usually living at an elevation of 1800 - 2500 m above sea level.


This species mainly feed on insects and small arthropods (beetles, centipedes, etc.), but also on berries and fruits (especially of Saurauja species). The breeding season lasts from April to June. The nest is made by both male and female and consists of a tidy cup mailnly made of grasses and bamboo leaves. It is built at about 1 m above the ground level. Females lay 2-3 eggs, that are incubated for 17-18 days. The chicks are fed by both parents and leave the nest in 14-16 days

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Category / Seasonal Status

Wiki listed status (concerning Thai population): Rare

BCST Category: Recorded in an apparently wild state within the last 50 years

BCST Seasonal status: Resident or presumed resident

Scientific classification

Trochalopteron milnei

Common names

  • Thai: นกกะรางหางแดง

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Vulnerable (IUCN3.1)

Vulnerable (ONEP)

Vulnerable (IUCN3.1)

Vulnerable (BCST)


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Red-tailed laughingthrush
Red-tailed laughingthrush

Range Map

Distribution map of Red-tailed laughingthrush, Trochalopteron milnei in Thailand
  • Doi Lang
  • Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park
Range map of Trochalopteron milnei in Thailand