Thai National Parks

Species of Thailand

Red-breasted parakeet

Psittacula alexandri, Carolus Linnaeus, 1758

(In Thai: นกแขกเต้า)

The red-breasted parakeet (Psittacula alexandri) is among the more widespread species of the genus and is the species which has the most geographical variations. It is easily identified by the large red patch on its breast. An alternative name is the moustached parakeet depending on subspecies. Most of the subspecies are confined to minuscule islands or a cluster of islands in Indonesia. One subspecies occurs in the Andaman islands, and one subspecies occurs in continental Southeast Asia and partly extending to northeastern parts of South Asia along the foothills of the Himalayas. Some of the island races may be threatened by the wild bird trade. The nominate race, which occurs in Java, is close to extinction.

Feral populations of this species have now established themselves in cities like Mumbai and small numbers occur in other cities such as Chennai and Bangalore in India.

The scientific specific name commemorates Alexander the Great whose armies brought eastern parakeets to Greece. It was the first eponym in scientific avian nomenclature in its original form of Psittacus alexandri Linnaeus, 1758.


There are several subspecies:

  • Psittacula alexandri Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Psittacula alexandri abbotti (Oberholser, 1919)
  • Psittacula alexandri alexandri (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Psittacula alexandri cala (Oberholser, 1912)
  • Psittacula alexandri dammermani Chasen & Kloss 1932
  • Psittacula alexandri fasciata (Statius Muller, 1776)
  • Psittacula alexandri kangeanensis Hoogerwerf 1962
  • Psittacula alexandri major (Richmond, 1902)
  • Psittacula alexandri perionca (Oberholser, 1912)

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Category / Seasonal Status

BCST Category: Recorded in an apparently wild state within the last 50 years

BCST Seasonal status: Resident or presumed resident

Scientific classification

Psittacula alexandri

Common names

  • Thai: นกแขกเต้า


  • Psittacula alexandri abbotti, Harry Church Oberholser, 1919

  • Psittacula alexandri alexandri, 1758

  • Psittacula alexandri cala, Harry Church Oberholser, 1912

  • Psittacula alexandri dammermani, Frederick Nutter Chasen & Cecil Boden Kloss, 1932

  • Psittacula alexandri fasciata, Philipp Ludwig Statius Müller, 1776

  • Psittacula alexandri kangeanensis, Andries Hoogerwerf, 1962

  • Psittacula alexandri major, Charles Wallace Richmond, 1902

  • Psittacula alexandri perionca, Harry Church Oberholser, 1912

Conservation status

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Near Threatened (BirdLife)

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Near Threatened (ONEP)

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Near Threatened (BCST)


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Red-breasted parakeet
Red-breasted parakeet

Copyright kajornyot

Red-breasted parakeet
Red-breasted parakeet (juvenile)

Range Map

Distribution map of Red-breasted parakeet, Psittacula alexandri in Thailand
  • Bang Kruai District, Nonthaburi
  • Bang Pu Recreation Centre
  • Bangkok Province
  • Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Doi Inthanon National Park
  • Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Kaeng Krachan National Park
  • Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Laem Ya - Mu Ko Samet National Park
  • Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Yai National Park
  • Khlong Luang District, Pathum Thani
  • Khura Buri District, Phang Nga
  • Ko Samui District, Surat Thani
  • Laem Son National Park
  • Mae Ping National Park
  • Mueang Chiang Mai District, Chiang Mai
  • Mueang Chiang Rai District, Chiang Rai
  • Mueang Chonburi District, Chonburi
  • Mueang Nonthaburi District, Nonthaburi
  • Mueang Pathum Thani District, Pathum Thani
  • Mueang Prachuap Khiri Khan District, Prachuap Khiri Khan
  • Mueang Suphanburi District, Suphan Buri
  • Namtok Sam Lan National Park
  • Non Din Daeng District, Buriram
  • Pak Chong District, Nakhon Ratchasima
  • Pak Kret District, Nonthaburi
  • Pang Sida National Park
  • Pang Sila Thong District, Kamphaeng Phet
  • Pha Taem National Park
  • Phatthana Nikhom District, Lopburi
  • Pho Prathap Chang District, Phichit
  • Ramkhamhaeng National Park
  • Sakaerat Environmental Research Station
  • Samae San Island
  • Samut Prakan Province
  • Si Racha District, Chonburi
  • Tha Sala District, Nakhon Si Thammarat
  • Tha Yang District, Phetchaburi
  • Thanyaburi District, Pathum Thani
  • Thap Lan National Park
  • Wat Phai Lom & Wat Ampu Wararam Non-Hunting Area
Range map of Psittacula alexandri in Thailand