Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Rain quail

In Thai: นกคุ่มอกดำ, nok kum ok dam

Binomial name: Coturnix coromandelica, Johann Friedrich Gmelin, 1789

The rain quail or black-breasted quail (Coturnix coromandelica) is a species of quail found in the Indian subcontinent, its range including Pakistan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia and Viet Nam.

Distribution

Grassland, cropped fields, and scrubs in the Indus valley of central Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan, ranging across the Gangetic plains, and parts of peninsular continental India. Mostly seen in winter further south.

Description

The rain quail lacks barring on primaries. The male has a black breast-patch and distinctive head pattern of black and white. The female is difficult to separate from female common quail and Japanese quail, although the spots on the breast are more delicate. It is 6 - 6.5 cm and weighs roughly 2.25 - 2.5 g.

The call is a metallic , constantly repeated mornings and evenings, and in the breeding season also during the night. It is quite unmistakably distinct from the call of the common grey quail.

Behaviour

The rain quail feeds on seeds of grasses and other plants, insect larvae and small invertebrates. Breeding takes place between March and October, but chiefly after the start of the southwesterly monsoon season in June. The eggs are laid in a scrape in the ground, sometimes in the open under a Euphorbia or similar bush. There are usually six to eight eggs in the clutch. The incubation period is sixteen to eighteen days. The chicks are able to leave the nest soon after they have hatched and remain with their parents for about eight months.

Status

The rain quail has a very large range and the population is stable. It is a common species and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated their conservation status as "least concern".

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Galliformes
Family
Phasianidae
Genus
Coturnix
Species
Coturnix coromandelica

Common names

  • Thai: นกคุ่มอกดำ, nok kum ok dam

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Range Map

Distribution map of Rain quail, Coturnix coromandelica in Thailand
  • Bang Phra Non-Hunting Area
  • Huai Chorakhe Mak Reservoir Non-Hunting Area
  • Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park
  • Khao Yai National Park
  • Mae Ai District, Chiang Mai
  • Mueang Ratchaburi District, Ratchaburi
  • Mueang Tak District, Tak
  • Nong Ya Plong District, Phetchaburi
  • Pak Chong District, Nakhon Ratchasima
  • Pak Thong Chai District, Nakhon Ratchasima
  • Pran Buri District, Prachuap Khiri Khan
Range map of Coturnix coromandelica in Thailand