Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Rain quail

In Thai: นกคุ่มอกดำ, nok kum ok dam

Binomial name: Coturnix coromandelica, Johann Friedrich Gmelin, 1789

The rain quail or black-breasted quail (Coturnix coromandelica) is a species of quail found in the Indian Subcontinent.


Grassland, cropped fields, and scrubs in the Indus valley of central Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan, ranging across the Gangetic plains, and parts of peninsular continental India. Mostly seen in winter further south.


The rain quail lacks barring on primaries. The male has a black breast-patch and distinctive head pattern of black and white. The female is difficult to separate from female common quail and Japanese quail, although the spots on the breast are more delicate. It is 6 - 6.5 cm and weighs roughly 2.25 - 2.5 g

The call is a metallic chrink-chrink, constantly repeated mornings and evenings, and in the breeding season also during the night. It is quite unmistakably distinct from the call of the common grey quail.


  • Season: overall March to October, but chiefly after the break of the southwesterly monsoon in June.
  • Nest: Eggs are laid in a scrape in the ground, sometimes in the open under a Euphorbia or similar bush. A clutch of 6 to 8 eggs are laid, resembling those of grey quail but smaller. Only the female incubates.

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Scientific classification

Coturnix coromandelica

Common names

  • Thai: นกคุ่มอกดำ, nok kum ok dam

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Range Map

Distribution map of Rain quail, Coturnix coromandelica in Thailand
  • Bang Phra Non-Hunting Area
  • Huai Chorakhe Mak Reservoir Non-Hunting Area
  • Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park
  • Khao Yai National Park
  • Mae Ai District, Chiang Mai
  • Mueang Ratchaburi District, Ratchaburi
  • Mueang Tak District, Tak
  • Nong Ya Plong District, Phetchaburi
  • Pak Chong District, Nakhon Ratchasima
  • Pak Thong Chai District, Nakhon Ratchasima
  • Pran Buri District, Prachuap Khiri Khan
Range map of Coturnix coromandelica in Thailand