Thai National Parks

Species of Thailand

Brongersma's blood python

Python brongersmai, Olive Griffith Stull, 1938

(In Thai: งูหลามปากเป็ด, ngu leuam pakped)

Python brongersmai, commonly known as Brongersma's short-tailed python, the blood python, or the red short-tailed python, is a species of python, a nonvenomous snake endemic to the Malay Peninsula.


The specific name, brongersmai, is in honor of Dutch herpetologist Leo Brongersma.

Distribution and habitat

P. brongersmai is found in peninsular (Western) Malaysia, Sumatra east of the central dividing range of mountains, Bangka Island and other islands in the Strait of Malacca, including the Lingga Islands, Riau islands, and Pinang. and Thailand. The natural habitat of P. brongersmai is often marshes and tropical swamps.


P. brongersmai is a primarily crepuscular species – usually active around dawn and dusk.


Hatchlings of P. brongersmai range from 10 - 17 cm disp=flip in total length (including tail). Adult males typically range from 36 - 60 cm disp=flip in total length, and females between 48 - 72 cm disp=flip although a few have been recorded at 96 cm disp=flip. These snakes generally look overweight due to their robust structure.


Most experts agree that P. brongersmai can live 20 years or more in captivity if proper care is given.


The color pattern of P. brongersmai consists of rich, bright red to orange to a duller rusty red ground color, although populations with yellow and brown are known. This is overlaid with yellow and tan blotches and stripes that run the length of the body, as well as tan and black spots that extend up the flanks. The belly is white, often with small black markings. The head is usually a shade of grey; individual snakes can change how light and dark the head is. A white postocular stripe runs down and back from the posterior edge of the eye.


P. brongersmai is oviparous, with up to 30 eggs being laid at a time. The female coils around her eggs and shivers her body, producing heat to incubate the eggs properly.


Once widely considered to be generally unpredictable and aggressive, P. brongersmai is gradually becoming more common among herpetoculturists. Formerly, many of the specimens in captivity were wild-caught adults from Malaysia. These are known to be more aggressive than those from Indonesia (Sumatra), from which most of the wild-caught, wild-bred, and captive-bred stock are now descended. Captive-raised juveniles generally become mild-tempered, somewhat-predictable adults. This, combined with several new brightly colored captive bloodlines, is helping to boost the popularity of these much-maligned snakes among reptile hobbyists.

P. brongersmai is part of a commercial harvest for leather.


This species was first described by Olive Griffith Stull in 1938 as Python curtus brongersmai, a subspecies of Python curtus. This taxon has since been elevated and recognised as a full species, Python brongersmai, by Pauwels et al. (2000).

This article uses material from Wikipedia released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike Licence 3.0. Eventual photos shown in this page may or may not be from Wikipedia, please see the license details for photos in photo by-lines.

Scientific classification

Python brongersmai

Common names

  • English:
    • Blood python
    • Brongersma's short-tailed python
    • Red short-tailed python
  • Thai:
    • งูหลามปากเป็ด, ngu leuam pakped
    • งูเหลือมอ้น, ngu leuam onn


  • Python brongersmai, Van Stanley Bartholomew Wallach et al. (2014)
  • Python brongersmai, Wulf D. Schleip & Mark O'Shea (2010)
  • Python brongersmai, Keogh, Barker & Richard Shine (2001)
  • Python brongersmai, Olivier S.G. Pauwels et al. (2000)
  • Python curtus brongersmai, Tanya Chan-Ard et al. (1999)
  • Python curtus brongersmai, Merel J. Cox et al. (1998)
  • Python curtus brongersmai, Olive Griffith Stull (1938)

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)


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Python brongersmai - Kaeng Krachan National Park
Python brongersmai (subadult) - Sai Yok District, Kanchanaburi
Python brongersmai
Brongersma's short-tailed python
Python brongersmai (possibly blind individual) - Khao Phanom Bencha National Park

Range Map

Distribution map of Brongersma's blood python, Python brongersmai in Thailand
  • Ao Luek District, Krabi
  • Bang Lang National Park
  • Betong District, Yala
  • Kaeng Krachan National Park
  • Kapoe District, Ranong
  • Kathu District, Phuket
  • Khao Lak - Lam Ru National Park
  • Khao Phanom Bencha National Park
  • Khao Sok National Park
  • Khao Yai National Park
  • Khian Sa District, Surat Thani
  • Khlong Nakha Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Ko Samui District, Surat Thani
  • La-un District, Ranong
  • Lamae District, Chumphon
  • Mueang Chumphon District, Chumphon
  • Mueang Krabi District, Krabi
  • Mueang Phuket District, Phuket
  • Nopphitam District, Nakhon Si Thammarat
  • Phanom District, Surat Thani
  • Phuket Province
  • Plai Phraya District, Krabi
  • Ron Phibun District, Nakhon Si Thammarat
  • Sai Yok National Park
  • Takua Pa District, Phang Nga
  • Tha Song Yang District, Tak
  • Tha Yang District, Phetchaburi
  • Thalang District, Phuket
  • Thong Pha Phum District, Kanchanaburi
  • Thung Song District, Nakhon Si Thammarat
  • Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Umphang District, Tak
  • Yan Ta Khao District, Trang
Range map of Python brongersmai in Thailand