Thai National Parks

Reptiles of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Brongersma's short-tailed python

Binomial name: Python brongersmai (Olive Griffith Stull, 1938)

Python brongersmai, commonly known as Brongersma's short-tailed python, the blood python, or the red short-tailed python, is a species of python, a nonvenomous snake endemic to the Malay Peninsula.

Etymology

The specific name, brongersmai, is in honor of Dutch herpetologist Leo Brongersma.

Geographic range

P. brongersmai is found in peninsular (Western) Malaysia, Sumatra east of the central dividing range of mountains, Bangka Island and other islands in the Strait of Malacca, including the Lingga Islands, Riau islands, and Pinang. and Thailand.

Habitat

The natural habitat of P. brongersmai is often marshes and tropical swamps.

Behaviour

P. brongersmai is a primarily crepuscular species – usually active around dawn and dusk.

Size

Hatchlings range from 10 - 17 cm disp=flip in total length (including tail). Adult males typically range from 36 - 60 cm disp=flip in total length, and females between 48 - 72 cm disp=flip although a few have been recorded at 96 cm disp=flip. These snakes generally look overweight due to their robust structure.

Lifespan

Most experts agree they can live 20 years or more in captivity if proper care is given.

Coloration

The color pattern consists of rich, bright red to orange to a duller rusty red ground color, although populations with yellow and brown are known. This is overlaid with yellow and tan blotches and stripes that run the length of the body, as well as tan and black spots that extend up the flanks. The belly is white, often with small black markings. The head is usually a shade of grey; individual snakes can change how light and dark the head is. A white postocular stripe runs down and back from the posterior edge of the eye.

Reproduction

This species is oviparous, with up to 30 eggs being laid at a time. The female coils around her eggs and shivers her body, producing heat to incubate the eggs properly.

Uses

Once widely considered to be generally unpredictable and aggressive, these snakes are gradually becoming more common among herpetoculturists. Formerly, many of the specimens in captivity were wild-caught adults from Malaysia. These are known to be more aggressive than those from Indonesia (Sumatra), from which most of the wild-caught, wild-bred, and captive-bred stock are now descended. Captive-raised juveniles generally become mild-tempered, somewhat-predictable adults. This, combined with several new brightly colored captive bloodlines, is helping to boost the popularity of these much-maligned snakes among reptile hobbyists.

The snake is part of a commercial harvest for leather.

Taxonomy

This species was first described by Olive Griffith Stull in 1938 as a subspecies of Python curtus. This taxon has since been elevated and recognised as a full species by Pauwels et al. (2000).

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Subphylum
Vertebrata
Class
Reptilia
Order
Squamata
Suborder
Serpentes
Family
Pythonidae
Genus
Python
Species
Python brongersmai

Common names

  • English: งูหลามปากเป็ด, Blood python, Brongersma's short-tailed python, Red short-tailed python

Synonyms

  • Python brongersmai, Van Stanley Bartholomew Wallach et al. (2014)
  • Python brongersmai, Wulf D. Schleip & Mark O'Shea (2010)
  • Aspidoboa brongersmai, Raymond Hoser (2004)
  • Python brongersmai, Keogh, Barker & Richard Shine (2001)
  • Python brongersmai, Olivier S.G. Pauwels et al. (2000)
  • Python curtus brongersmai, Tanya Chan-Ard et al. (1999)
  • Python curtus brongersmai, Merel J. Cox et al. (1998)
  • Python curtus brongersmai, Olive Griffith Stull (1938)

Brongersma's short-tailed python is found in following locations in Thailand

Please note that this non-official list is not complete nor necessarily accurate. This list is a summary of checklists from other websites, blogs, publications, photo/videos published on various websites or our own findings. We appreciate your contributions with photo proof.

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Python brongersmai

Python brongersmai

Copyright

Brongersma's short-tailed python

Brongersma's short-tailed python

Copyright

Distribution map of Brongersma's short-tailed python, Python brongersmai in Thailand

Range map of Python brongersmai in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are generated automatically based on very limited data we have about the protected sites, the data is not necessarily accurate. Please help us to improve our range maps by sharing your findings/knowledge.