Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Parasitic jaeger

Thai: นกสกัวขั้วโลกเหนือ, nok sakua khualok neua

Binomial name: Stercorarius parasiticus, Carolus Linnaeus, 1758

The parasitic jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus), also known as the Arctic skua or parasitic skua, is a seabird in the skua family Stercorariidae.


This species breeds in the north of Eurasia and North America, with significant populations as far south as northern Scotland. It nests on dry tundra, higher fells and islands, laying up to four olive-brown eggs. It is usually silent except for mewing and wailing notes while on the breeding grounds. Like other skuas, it will fly at the head of a human or fox approaching its nest. Although it cannot inflict serious damage, it is a frightening and painful experience. It is a migrant, wintering at sea in the tropics and southern oceans.

In the British Isles, they breed in Shetland and Orkney, the Outer Hebrides, Sutherland, Caithness, and some islands in Argyll.


This bird will feed on rodents, small birds and insects but also robs gulls and terns of their catches. Like the larger skua species, it continues this piratical behaviour throughout the year, showing great agility as it harasses its victims.


Identification is complicated by similarities to long-tailed jaeger and pomarine skua, and the existence of three colour morphs. Small for a skua, the parasitic jaeger measures 41 - 48 cm in length, 107 - 125 cm in wingspan and weighs 300 - 650 g. The tail streamer of the breeding adult accounts for about 7 cm of their length. Light-morph adults have a brown back, mainly white underparts and dark primary wing feathers with a white "flash". The head and neck are yellowish-white with a black cap and there is a pointed central tail projection. Dark-morph adults are dark brown, and intermediate-phase birds are dark with somewhat paler underparts, head and neck. All morphs have the white wing flash.

Juveniles are even more problematic, and are difficult to separate from long-tailed jaegers. They are bulkier, shorter-winged, and less tern-like than that species, but show the same wide range of plumage variation. The flight is more falcon-like. However, they are usually warmer toned than long-tailed, with browner shades, rather than grey.

The call of these birds which is most often heard is a nasal mewing sound, repeated a few times in display, whereas its alarm call is a shorter sound.

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Scientific classification

Stercorarius parasiticus

Common names

  • English:
    • Arctic jaeger
    • Arctic skua
  • French: Labbe parasite
  • Thai: นกสกัวขั้วโลกเหนือ, nok sakua khualok neua

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Distribution map of Parasitic jaeger, Stercorarius parasiticus in Thailand

Range map of Stercorarius parasiticus in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

It is free to use this map on various media. See the creative common license terms by clicking "CC" icon below the map. But remember, again; the map may not be accurate or complete.

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