Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Oriental plover

Thai: นกหัวโตขายาว, nok hua to khaa yao

Binomial name: Charadrius veredus, John Gould, 1848

The oriental plover (Charadrius veredus) also known as the oriental dotterel, is a medium-sized Charadriine plover closely related to the Caspian plover. It breeds in parts of Mongolia and China, migrating southwards each year to spend its non-breeding season in Indonesia, New Guinea and northern Australia.

Description

Adult male in breeding plumage: white face, throat and fore-crown; grey-brown hind-crown, hind-neck and back; belly white, demarcated with narrow black band and then broad chestnut breast band merging into white throat. Female, juvenile and non-breeding male: generally grey-brown upperparts and white belly; pale face with white streak above eye. Measurements: length 21–25 cm; wingspan 46–53 cm; weight 95 g.

Among the redbreasted Charadrius plovers, this bird is relatively large, longlegged and long-winged.

Distribution and habitat

Breeds in Mongolia, eastern Russia and Manchuria; migrates through eastern China and South-East Asia to Indonesia and northern Australia. Rare in New Guinea; straggler to New Zealand. The oriental plover breeds in dry steppes, deserts, arid grasslands and saltpans. Its non-breeding habitat includes grasslands, salt-fields and coastal areas.

Food

The oriental plover feeds mainly on insects.

Breeding

The breeding of this bird has not been much studied but it nests on the ground.

Conservation

About 90% of the oriental plovers that make the long journey south overwinter in Australia and it has been estimated that there may be 160, 000 individuals of this species. With a large range and no evidence of significant population decline, this species’ conservation status is rated by the IUCN as being of Least Concern.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Charadriiformes
Family
Charadriidae
Genus
Charadrius
Species
Charadrius veredus

Common names

  • English:
    • Oriental dotterel
    • Oriental plover
  • Thai: นกหัวโตขายาว, nok hua to khaa yao

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Distribution map of Oriental plover, Charadrius veredus in Thailand
  • Borabue District, Maha Sarakham
  • Hat Noppharat Thara - Mu Ko Phi Phi National Park
  • Laem Pak Bia
  • Nong Ya Plong District, Phetchaburi
  • Pak Thale
  • Pran Buri Forest Park
  • Takua Pa District, Phang Nga

Range map of Charadrius veredus in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

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