Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Mountain bulbul

Ixos mcclellandii, Thomas Horsfield, 1840

(In Thai: นกปรอดภูเขา)

The mountain bulbul (Ixos mcclellandii) is a songbird species in the bulbul family, Pycnonotidae. It is often placed in Hypsipetes, but seems to be closer to the type species of the genus Ixos, the Sunda bulbul. It is found in Southeast Asia and is not considered a threatened species by the IUCN. It is named after British East India Company Surgeon John McClelland.

Taxonomy and systematics

The mountain bulbul was originally described in the genus Hypsipetes in 1840 by Thomas Horsfield. Alternate names for the mountain bulbul include the green-winged bulbul, McClelland's bulbul, McClelland's rufous-bellied bulbul, mountain streaked bulbul, and rufous-bellied bulbul. The common name, 'mountain bulbul', is also used as an alternate name for the Cameroon greenbul.


Nine subspecies are currently recognized:

  • I. m. mcclellandii - (Horsfield, 1840): Found from the eastern Himalayas to north-western Myanmar
  • I. m. ventralis - Stresemann & Heinrich, 1940: Found in south-western Myanmar
  • I. m. tickelli - (Blyth, 1855): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Hypsipetes. Found in eastern Myanmar and north-western Thailand
  • I. m. similis - (Rothschild, 1921): Found from north-eastern Myanmar to southern China and northern Indochina
  • I. m. holtii - (R. Swinhoe, 1861): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Hypsipetes. Found in south-eastern China
  • I. m. loquax- Deignan, 1940: Found in north-central and north-eastern Thailand, southern Laos
  • I. m. griseiventer- (Robinson & Kloss, 1919): Found in southern Vietnam
  • I. m. canescens- Riley, 1933: Originally described as a separate species. Found in eastern Thailand and south-western Cambodia
  • I. m. peracensis- (Hartert & Butler, AL, 1898): Found on the Malay Peninsula

Distribution and habitat

It is found from the Indian subcontinent and southern China through Indochina to the Malay Peninsula. Its natural habitat is broadleaved evergreen forests, 800-2590m.

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Category / Seasonal Status

BCST Category: Recorded in an apparently wild state within the last 50 years

BCST Seasonal status: Resident or presumed resident

Scientific classification

Ixos mcclellandii

Common names

  • Thai: นกปรอดภูเขา


  • Hypsipetes mcclellandii, Thomas Horsfield (1840)

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Range Map

Distribution map of Mountain bulbul, Ixos mcclellandii in Thailand
Range map of Ixos mcclellandii in Thailand