Thai National Parks

Species of Thailand

Malacca horned toad

Megophrys longipes, George Albert Boulenger, 1886

(In Thai: อึ่งกรายขายาว)

Xenophrys longipes is a species of amphibian in the family Megophryidae. Many different common names has been coined for: Malacca spadefoot toad, red legged spine-eyed frog, red-legged horn frog, or slender-legged horned frog). It is found in the Malay Peninsula (Peninsular Malaysia and southern Thailand and Burma). Records from Cambodia and Vietnam are considered doubtful.


Male Xenophrys longipes grow to snout-vent length of 39 - 47 mm and females to 49 - 65 mm. The body is relatively slender, as are the long hind legs. The tympanum is distinct. The dorsal skin is smooth but there are small warts on the flanks. The supratympanic fold is distinct and there are two pairs of delicate, oblique folds that converge posteriorly on the scapular region. The ventral surface is smooth. The dorsum is olive brown. There are oblique vertical dark bars on the sides of the head and a large triangular dark marking between the eyes. The limbs have dark cross-bars. The ventrum is pale reddish brown marbled and spotted with dark brown.

Habitat and conservation

This species inhabits evergreen rainforests and montane moss forests. During the day they hide under rocks and logs, etc. The tadpoles live in streams.

Xenophrys longipes are uncommon even in prime habitat. They can be locally threatened by by habitat loss (forest clearance).

This article uses material from Wikipedia released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike Licence 3.0. Eventual photos shown in this page may or may not be from Wikipedia, please see the license details for photos in photo by-lines.

Scientific classification

Megophrys longipes

Common names

  • English:
    • Malacca horned toad
    • Malacca spadefoot toad
    • Red legged spine-eyed frog
    • Red-legged horn frog
    • Slender-legged horned frog
    • Long-legged horned frog
  • Thai: อึ่งกรายขายาว


  • Xenophrys longipes, George Albert Boulenger (1886)
  • Megophrys longipes, George Albert Boulenger (1886)
  • Megalophrys longipes, George Albert Boulenger (1886)

Conservation status

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)


Please help us review our species pages if wrong photos are used or any other details in the page is wrong. We can be reached via our contact us page.

Megophrys cf longipes (adult) - Doi Inthanon National Park
Megophrys cf longipes (adult) - Doi Inthanon National Park
Megophrys longipes - Bang Lang National Park
Megophrys longipes - Bang Lang National Park
Xenophrys cf. longipes (adult) - Khao Sok National Park
Xenophrys cf. longipes (adult) - Khao Sok National Park
Xenophrys cf. longipes - Khao Sok National Park

Range Map

Distribution map of Malacca horned toad, Megophrys longipes in Thailand
  • Bang Lang National Park
  • Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary
Range map of Megophrys longipes in Thailand