Thai National Parks

Amphibians of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Smith's spadefoot toad

Thai: อึ่งกรายลายเลอะ

Binomial name: Leptobrachium smithi, Masafumi Matsui, Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Somsak Panha, 1999

Leptobrachium smithi (common name Smith's litter frog) is a species of frog found in Southeast Asia. Its specific name honours Malcolm Arthur Smith, one of the early herpetologists to study the amphibians of Thailand.

Description

Leptobrachium smithi is a moderate-sized Leptobrachium, with males measuring 36 - 68 mm snout-vent length and females 50 - 78 mm SVL. They have a relatively big, depressed head with striking eyes with upper half of iris scarlet or yellow. Skin above is nearly smooth but with minute granules scattered behind, especially around vent; ventrally granular.

Distribution

Its type locality is Ton Nam Plu Waterfall, Khao Chong, in Trang Province, southern Thailand. It is also known from adjacent southern Myanmar and from Laos. It may also occur in northeastern India and Bangladesh and in Peninsular Malaysia (Pulau Langkawi). Prior to its description, it was confused with Leptobrachium hasseltii and Leptobrachium pullum. Leptobrachium smithi is a locally common species that is found on the ground in evergreen forest in monsoon and rainforest climatic regions, as well as dense mixed deciduous forest. Tadpoles are found in deep sections of forest streams with little current.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Amphibia
Order
Anura
Family
Megophryidae
Genus
Leptobrachium
Species
Leptobrachium smithi

Common names

  • English:
    • Smith's spadefoot toad
    • Smith's litter frog
  • Thai: อึ่งกรายลายเลอะ

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Leptobrachium smithi

Leptobrachium smithi

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Thai National Parks

Leptobrachium smithi

Leptobrachium smithi

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Thai National Parks

Leptobrachium smithi

Leptobrachium smithi

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Thai National Parks

Leptobrachium smithi

Leptobrachium smithi

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Thai National Parks

Leptobrachium smithi

Leptobrachium smithi

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Thai National Parks

Leptobrachium smithi (back)

Leptobrachium smithi (back)

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Thai National Parks

Leptobrachium smithi (back and side)

Leptobrachium smithi (back and side)

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Thai National Parks

Distribution map of Smith's spadefoot toad, Leptobrachium smithi in Thailand

Range map of Leptobrachium smithi in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

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