Species of Thailand
Smith's spadefoot toad
Binomial name: Leptobrachium smithi, Masafumi Matsui, Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Somsak Panha, 1999
Leptobrachium smithi (common name Smith's litter frog) is a species of frog found in Southeast Asia. Its specific name honours Malcolm Arthur Smith, one of the early herpetologists to study the amphibians of Thailand.
Leptobrachium smithi is a moderate-sized Leptobrachium, with males measuring 36 - 68 mm snout-vent length and females 50 - 78 mm SVL. They have a relatively big, depressed head with striking eyes with upper half of iris scarlet or yellow. Skin above is nearly smooth but with minute granules scattered behind, especially around vent; ventrally granular.
Its type locality is Ton Nam Plu Waterfall, Khao Chong, in Trang Province, southern Thailand. It is also known from adjacent southern Myanmar and from Laos. It may also occur in northeastern India and Bangladesh and in Peninsular Malaysia (Pulau Langkawi). Prior to its description, it was confused with Leptobrachium hasseltii and Leptobrachium pullum. Leptobrachium smithi is a locally common species that is found on the ground in evergreen forest in monsoon and rainforest climatic regions, as well as dense mixed deciduous forest. Tadpoles are found in deep sections of forest streams with little current.
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- Leptobrachium smithi
- Smith's spadefoot toad
- Smith's litter frog
- Thai: อึ่งกรายลายเลอะ
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
- Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Dan Sai District, Loei
- Doi Inthanon National Park
- Doi Saket District, Chiang Mai
- Doi Suthep-Pui National Park
- Erawan National Park
- Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary
- Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
- Huai Yang Waterfall National Park
- Kaeng Krachan National Park
- Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Chong
- Khao Luang National Park
- Khao Nan National Park
- Khao Phanom Bencha National Park
- Khao Phra - Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Sok National Park
- Kui Buri District, Prachuap Khiri Khan
- Kui Buri National Park
- Na Haeo District, Loei
- Nam Nao National Park
- Phu Kradueng National Park
- Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary
- Phu Ruea National Park
- Phu Suan Sai National Park
- Sangkhla Buri District, Kanchanaburi
- Taksin Maharat National Park
- Thale Ban National Park
- Thong Pha Phum National Park
- Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary
- Ton Nga-Chang Wildlife Sanctuary
Range map of Leptobrachium smithi in Thailand
Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.
Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.
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