Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Green imperial pigeon

In Thai: นกลุมพูเขียว, nok lum-phu kieow

Binomial name: Ducula aenea, Carolus Linnaeus, 1766

The green imperial pigeon (Ducula aenea) is a large forest pigeon.

Description

The green imperial pigeon is a large, plump pigeon, 45 cm in length. Its back, wings and tail are metallic green. The head and underparts are white, apart from maroon undertail coverts. Sexes are similar. The bird's call is deep and resonant, and is often the first indication of the presence of this treetop species. The Nicobar imperial pigeon (Ducula nicobarica) is sometimes still considered conspecific.

Distribution and habitat

This is a forest species which is a widespread resident breeding bird in tropical southern Asia from India east to Indonesia. It has several subspecies, including the distinctive Celebes form, chestnut-naped imperial pigeon (Ducula aenea paulina).

Behaviour

This is an arboreal dove, feeding on plant material in the tree canopy. Its flight is fast and direct, with the regular beats and an occasional sharp flick of the wings which are characteristic of pigeons in general. It builds a stick nest in a tree and lays a single white egg. The birds are not very gregarious, but will form small flocks.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Columbiformes
Family
Columbidae
Genus
Ducula
Species
Ducula aenea

Common names

  • English: Green imperial pigeon
  • Thai: นกลุมพูเขียว, nok lum-phu kieow

Synonyms

  • Ducula aeneus, Carolus Linnaeus (1766)
  • Columba aenea, Carolus Linnaeus (1766)
  • Carpophaga aenothorax

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Range Map

Distribution map of Green imperial pigeon, Ducula aenea in Thailand
Range map of Ducula aenea in Thailand