Species of Thailand
Thai: นกโป่งวิด, nok phong vid
Binomial name: Rostratula benghalensis, Carolus Linnaeus, 1758
The greater painted-snipe (Rostratula benghalensis) is a species of wader in the family Rostratulidae. It is found in marshes in Africa, India, Pakistan, and South-east Asia (Sulawesi)
Medium-sized, plump wading bird. Long reddish-brown bill, slightly decurved at tip, and distinct white or pinkish eye patch. Rounded, buff-spotted wings and short tail. White of breast extends up around top of folded wing. The painted-snipe is not related to the true snipes and differs from them in habits, flight and appearance, being far more colorful and having longer legs than the snipes. It is unusual in showing reversed sexual dimorphism; the female is larger and more brightly colored than the male, with the sides of the head, neck and throat a rich chestnut brown, and a distinct black band across the breast; the male is paler and greyer.
Not a vocal species; the male at times utters a shrill trill, while the female makes a guttural ook sound as well as hissing noises during breeding displays.
Usually found close to the fringes of reed beds along shorelines of marshes, swamps, ponds and streams.
Solitary or in pairs, sometimes in groups of up to 12. Rather shy and retiring, skulking close to the vegetation so that it can retreat to cover if disturbed. When flushed, flies like a rail with legs dangling. Bobs hindquarters on landing and sometimes when walking. Probes for food in the mud. The female initiates courtship and may mate with more than one male. The male incubates the eggs.
Food and feeding
They feed on insects, crustaceans, molluscs and seeds.
The females court the males, are polyandrous with males incubating and raising the young as predicted by parental investment theory. Chicks are buff coloured and have black stripes running along their length. Immature birds resemble the male but lack the broken dark band across the breast. Males are also known to carry the chicks to safety under the wings.
The nest is usually a shallow scrape in soft ground, lined with plant material and situated among grass or reeds at the water's edge; sometimes a pad of vegetation or a nest of grass and weeds. The breeding season is between April and July.
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- Rostratula benghalensis
- Greater painted-snipe
- Painted snipe
- French: Rhynchée peinte
- Thai: นกโป่งวิด, nok phong vid
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
- Amphawa District, Samut Songkhram
- Ban Laem District, Phetchaburi
- Ban Lat District, Phetchaburi
- Ban Phai District, Khon Kaen
- Bang Len District, Nakhon Pathom
- Bang Pa In District, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
- Bang Phra Non-hunting Area
- Bang Pu Recreation Centre
- Bangkok Province
- Borabue District, Maha Sarakham
- Bueng Boraped Non-hunting Area
- Chatturat District, Chaiyaphum
- Chiang Dao District, Chiang Mai
- Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Chiang Saen District, Chiang Rai
- Doi Inthanon National Park
- Doi Lo District, Chiang Mai
- Doi Suthep-Pui National Park
- Fang District, Chiang Mai
- Hat Noppharat Thara - Mu Ko Phi Phi National Park
- Hat Yai District, Songkhla
- Huai Chorakhe Mak Reservoir Non-hunting Area
- Kaeng Krachan District, Phetchaburi
- Kaeng Krachan National Park
- Kamphaeng Saen District, Nakhon Pathom
- Kantharawichai District, Maha Sarakham
- Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park
- Khao Sok National Park
- Khao Yai National Park
- Khao Yoi District, Phetchaburi
- Kumphawapi District, Udon Thani
- Kut Thing Non-hunting Area
- Laem Pak Bia
- Mae Ai District, Chiang Mai
- Mae Taeng District, Chiang Mai
- Mueang Chachoengsao District, Chachoengsao
- Mueang Chiang Mai District, Chiang Mai
- Mueang Chonburi District, Chonburi
- Mueang Khon Kaen District, Khon Kaen
- Mueang Lampang District, Lampang
- Mueang Lamphun District, Lamphun
- Mueang Nakhon Nayok District, Nakhon Nayok
- Mueang Phetchaburi District, Phetchaburi
- Mueang Phitsanulok District, Phitsanulok
- Mueang Ratchaburi District, Ratchaburi
- Mueang Samut Sakhon District, Samut Sakhon
- Mueang Suphanburi District, Suphan Buri
- Mueang Tak District, Tak
- Nong Bong Khai Non-hunting Area
- Pak Chong District, Nakhon Ratchasima
- Pak Phli District, Nakhon Nayok
- Pak Thale
- Pak Tho District, Ratchaburi
- Pak Thong Chai District, Nakhon Ratchasima
- Phatthana Nikhom District, Lopburi
- Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya District, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
- Pran Buri District, Prachuap Khiri Khan
- Sai Noi District, Nonthaburi
- Samut Prakan Province
- San Sai District, Chiang Mai
- Sanam Bin Reservoir Non-hunting Area
- Satuek District, Buriram
- Sop Prap District, Lampang
- Takua Pa District, Phang Nga
- Taphan Hin District, Phichit
- Tha Takiap District, Chachoengsao
- Tha Yang District, Phetchaburi
- Thalang District, Phuket
- Thanyaburi District, Pathum Thani
- Wiang Kaen District, Chiang Rai
Range map of Rostratula benghalensis in Thailand
Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.
Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.
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