Species of Thailand

Great eared nightjar

Lyncornis macrotis, Nicholas Aylward Vigors, 1831

(In Thai: นกตบยุงยักษ์)

The great eared nightjar (Lyncornis macrotis) is a species of nightjar in the family Caprimulgidae. It is the largest species in the family in terms of length, which can range from 31 to 41 cm. Males weigh an average of 131 g and females weigh an average of 151 g so it the second heaviest species in the family after the nacunda nighthawk.

Distribution and habitat

It is found in Southeast Asia with populations in the Western Ghats and Sri Lanka Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Its natural habitat is subtropical or moist lowland tropical forests.

Behaviour

Like other nightjars they are active at dusk and at night. They have a distinctive call which includes a sharp tsiik followed by a pause and a two-syllable ba-haaww.

Breeding

The nest is a scrape on the ground and the clutch consists of a single egg. The chicks are well camouflaged among leaf litter.

Taxonomy

Several populations are given subspecies status and include:

  • the nominate form macrotis (Vigors, 1831) from the Philippines
  • bourdilloni (Hume, 1875) of the Western Ghats
  • cerviniceps (Gould, 1838) along the eastern Himalayas into Indochina and northern Malaysia
  • jacobsoni (Junge, 1936) of Simeulue Island
  • macropterus (Bonaparte, 1850) from the islands of Sulawesi, Talaud, Sangihe, Banggai and Sula

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Category / Seasonal Status

BCST Category: Recorded in an apparently wild state within the last 50 years

BCST Seasonal status: Resident or presumed resident

Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Caprimulgiformes
Family
Caprimulgidae
Genus
Lyncornis
Species
Lyncornis macrotis

Common names

  • Thai: นกตบยุงยักษ์

Subspecies

  • Lyncornis macrotis bourdilloni, Allan Octavian Hume, 1875

    Range: Western Ghats

  • Lyncornis macrotis cerviniceps, John Gould, 1838

    Range: Along the eastern Himalayas into Indochina and northern Malaysia

  • Lyncornis macrotis jacobsoni, George Christoffel Alexander Junge, 1936

    Range: Simeulue Island

  • Lyncornis macrotis macropterus, Charles Lucien Bonaparte, 1850

    Range: From the islands of Sulawesi, Talaud, Sangihe, Banggai and Sula

  • Lyncornis macrotis macrotis (nominate), Nicholas Aylward Vigors, 1831

    Range: Philippines

Synonyms

  • Eurostopodus mindanensis

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Photos

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Great eared nightjar
Great eared nightjar

Range Map

Distribution map of Great eared nightjar, Lyncornis macrotis in Thailand
  • Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Doi Inthanon National Park
  • Hat Chao Mai National Park
  • Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Huai Sala Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Kaeng Krachan National Park
  • Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Khitchakut National Park
  • Khao Laem National Park
  • Khao Luang National Park
  • Khao Phra - Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Sok National Park
  • Khao Yai National Park
  • Khon San District, Chaiyaphum
  • Khura Buri District, Phang Nga
  • Ko Phayam
  • Ko Phra Thong
  • Kui Buri National Park
  • Lan Sak District, Uthai Thani
  • Mueang Krabi District, Krabi
  • Mueang Nakhon Nayok District, Nakhon Nayok
  • Pak Chong District, Nakhon Ratchasima
  • Pang Sida National Park
  • Pha Daeng National Park
  • Phu Ruea National Park
  • Sakaerat Environmental Research Station
  • San Kala Khiri National Park
  • Sri Phang-nga National Park
  • Thale Ban National Park
  • Tham Sakoen National Park
  • Yan Ta Khao District, Trang
Range map of Lyncornis macrotis in Thailand