Binomial name: Carpodacus erythrinus, Peter Simon Pallas, 1770
The common rosefinch (Carpodacus erythrinus) is the most widespread and common rosefinch of Asia and Europe.
The common rosefinch is larger than a sparrow. It has a stout and conical bill. The mature male has brilliant rosy-carmine head, breast and rump; heavy bill; dark brown wings with two indistinct bars, and a white belly. Females and young males are dull-colored with yellowish-brown above, brighter on the rump and greyer on head; buff below.
Distribution and habitat
It has spread westward through Europe in recent decades, even breeding in England once. Common rosefinches breed from the Danube valley, Sweden, and Siberia to the Bering Sea; the Caucasus, northern Iran and Afghanistan, the western Himalayas, Tibet and China; to Japan between latitudes 25° and 68°. In winter they are found from southern Iran to south-east China India, Burma, and Indochina.
They are found in summer in thickets, woodland and forest edges near rivers and in winter in gardens and orchards, wetlands and locally in dry oak woods.
The nest is placed low in a bush. The eggs are dark blue with coarse dark brown spots, and a typical clutch contains five eggs.
Because this species and the scarlet finch form a phylogenetic group, it has been removed from the genus Carpodacus in some recent taxonomies.
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- Carpodacus erythrinus
- Erythrina erythrina
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)