Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Collared pratincole

Thai: นกแอ่นทุ่งขอบปีกขาว, nok aen thung kob peek khao

Binomial name: Glareola pratincola, Carolus Linnaeus, 1766

The collared pratincole (Glareola pratincola), also known as the common pratincole or red-winged pratincole, is a wader in the pratincole family, Glareolidae. As with other pratincoles, it is native to the Old World.

Etymology

The genus name is a diminutive of Latin glarea, "gravel", referring to a typical nesting habitat for pratincoles. The species name pratincola means an inhabitant of meadows, from Latin pratum, prati, "meadow" and incola, "inhabitant", from incolere, "to inhabit".

Description

This pratincole is 24 – 28 cm long with a 60 – 70 cm wingspan. It has short legs, long pointed wings, a long forked tail, and a short bill, which is an adaptation to aerial feeding. The back and head are brown, and the wings are brown with darker flight feathers. The belly is white. The underwings are chestnut, but look dark below.

Very good views are needed to distinguish this species from other pratincoles, such as the black-winged pratincole and the oriental pratincole, which may occur in its range. The latter species also has a chestnut underwing, but is shorter-tailed.

Subspecies

The collared pratincole is divided into two subspecies:

  • G. p. pratincola, (Linnaeus, 1766): southern Europe & North Africa to Pakistan
  • G. p. fuelleborni, (Neumann, 1910): sub-Saharan Africa
Feeding

Pratincoles are unusual among waders in that they typically hunt their insect prey on the wing like swallows, although they can also feed on the ground.

Breeding

The species lays 2–4 eggs on the ground.

Distribution and habitat

The collared pratincole is a bird of open country, and is often seen near water in the evening, hawking for insects. It is found in the warmer parts of Europe, southwest Asia and Africa. It is migratory, wintering in tropical Africa, and is rare north of the breeding range.

Status and conservation

The collared pratincole is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) applies.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Charadriiformes
Family
Glareolidae
Genus
Glareola
Species
Glareola pratincola

Common names

  • Thai: นกแอ่นทุ่งขอบปีกขาว, nok aen thung kob peek khao

Synonyms

  • Hirundo pratincola, Carolus Linnaeus (1766)

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Distribution map of Collared pratincole, Glareola pratincola in Thailand
  • Ban Laem District, Phetchaburi
  • Mueang Phetchaburi District, Phetchaburi

Range map of Glareola pratincola in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

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