In Thai: นกแอ่นทุ่งขอบปีกขาว, nok aen thung kob peek khao
Binomial name: Glareola pratincola, Carolus Linnaeus, 1766
The collared pratincole (Glareola pratincola), also known as the common pratincole or red-winged pratincole, is a wader in the pratincole family, Glareolidae. As with other pratincoles, it is native to the Old World.
The genus name is a diminutive of Latin glarea, "gravel", referring to a typical nesting habitat for pratincoles. The species name pratincola means an inhabitant of meadows, from Latin pratum, prati, "meadow" and incola, "inhabitant", from incolere, "to inhabit".
This pratincole is 24 – 28 cm long with a 60 – 70 cm wingspan. It has short legs, long pointed wings, a long forked tail, and a short bill, which is an adaptation to aerial feeding. The back and head are brown, and the wings are brown with darker flight feathers. The belly is white. The underwings are chestnut, but look dark below.
Very good views are needed to distinguish this species from other pratincoles, such as the black-winged pratincole and the oriental pratincole, which may occur in its range. The latter species also has a chestnut underwing, but is shorter-tailed.
The collared pratincole is divided into two subspecies:
- G. p. pratincola, (Linnaeus, 1766): southern Europe & North Africa to Pakistan
- G. p. fuelleborni, (Neumann, 1910): sub-Saharan Africa
Pratincoles are unusual among waders in that they typically hunt their insect prey on the wing like swallows, although they can also feed on the ground.
The species lays 2–4 eggs on the ground.
Distribution and habitat
The collared pratincole is a bird of open country, and is often seen near water in the evening, hawking for insects. It is found in the warmer parts of Europe, southwest Asia and Africa. It is migratory, wintering in tropical Africa, and is rare north of the breeding range.
Status and conservation
The collared pratincole is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) applies.
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- Glareola pratincola
- Thai: นกแอ่นทุ่งขอบปีกขาว, nok aen thung kob peek khao
- Hirundo pratincola, Carolus Linnaeus (1766)
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)