Thai National Parks

Reptiles of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Paradise tree snake

Thai: งูเขียวร่อน, ngu khieow ron

Binomial name: Chrysopelea paradisi, Heinrich Boie, 1827

Paradise tree snake or Paradise flying snake, Chrysopelea paradisi, is a species of snake found in southeastern Asia. It can, like all species of its genus Chrysopelea, glide by stretching the body into a flattened strip using its ribs. It is mostly found in moist forests and can cover a horizontal distance of about 100 metres in a glide from the top of a tree. Slow motion photography shows an undulation of the snake's body in flight while the head remains relatively stable, suggesting controlled flight. They are mildly venomous with rear fangs and also can constrict their prey, which consists of mostly lizards and bats.

Distribution

Thailand (incl. Phuket), Indonesia (Bangka, Belitung, Java, Mentawai Archipelago, Natuna Archipelago, Nias, Riau Archipelago, Sumatra, We, Borneo, Sulawesi), Brunei Darussalam; India (Andaman Islands), Malaysia (Malaya and East Malaysia); Myanmar (Burma); Philippine Islands (including Sulu Archipelago, Negros Oriental, Panay, Luzon); Singapore; Race celebensis: Indonesia (Sulawesi).

Race variabilis: Philippine Islands (including Sulu Archipelago)

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Reptilia
Order
Squamata
Suborder
Serpentes
Family
Colubridae
Genus
Chrysopelea
Species
Chrysopelea paradisi

Common names

  • German: Paradies-Schmuckbaumnatter
  • English:
    • Paradise tree snake
    • Paradise flying snake
  • Thai:
    • งูเขียวร่อน, ngu khieow ron
    • งูเขียวดอกหมาก, ngu khiao dokmak

Subspecies

  • Chrysopelea paradisi celebensis, Robert Mertens, 1968

    Range: Indonesia (Sulawesi)

  • Chrysopelea paradisi paradisi, Friedrich Boie, 1827

    Range: Thailand, Indonesia, Brunei Darussalam, India (Andaman Islands), Malaysia (Malaya and East Malaysia, Pulau Pangkor), Myanmar, Philippine Islands, Singapore

  • Chrysopelea paradisi variabilis, Robert Mertens, 1968

    Range: Philippine Islands (including Sulu Archipelago, Panay)

Synonyms

  • Chrysopelea paradisi, Van Stanley Bartholomew Wallach et al. (2014)
  • Chrysopelea paradisi variabilis, Maren Gaulke (2012)
  • Chrysopelea paradisi celebensis, Thomas Cherico Wanger et al. (2011)
  • Chrysopelea paradisi celebensis, Djoko Tjahjono Iskandar & Walter R. Erdelen (2006)
  • Chrysopelea paradisi celebensis, De Lange & Gernot Vogel (2005)
  • Chrysopelea paradisi paradisi, Tanya Chan-Ard et al. (1999)
  • Chrysopelea paradisi, Merel J. Cox et al. (1998)
  • Chrysopelea paradisi, Ulrich Manthey & Wolfgang Grossmann (1997)
  • Chrysopelea paradisi paradisi, Robert Mertens (1968)
  • Chrysopelea paradisi celebensis, Robert Mertens (1968)
  • Chrysopelea paradisi variabilis, Robert Mertens (1968)
  • Chrysopelea paradisi, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1943)
  • Leptophis ornatus var. (partim), Theodore Edward Cantor (1847)
  • Dendrophis ornata (partim), Hermann Schlegel (1837)
  • Chrysopelea paradisi, H. Boie in Friedrich Boie (1827)
  • Chrysopelea ornata, Friedrich Boie (1827)

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Chrysopelea paradisi

Chrysopelea paradisi

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Thai National Parks

Chrysopelea paradisi

Chrysopelea paradisi

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Thai National Parks

Distribution map of Paradise tree snake, Chrysopelea paradisi in Thailand

Range map of Chrysopelea paradisi in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

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