Species of Thailand
Thai: นกคัคคูหงอน, nok khak-khu ngon
Binomial name: Clamator coromandus, Carolus Linnaeus, 1766
The chestnut-winged cuckoo or red-winged crested cuckoo (Clamator coromandus) is a cuckoo found in Southeast Asia and parts of South Asia. It has dark glossy upperparts, a black head with long crest chestnut wings, a long graduated glossy black tail, rufous throat dusky underside and a narrow white nuchal half collar. They breed along the Himalayas and migrate south in winter to Sri Lanka, southern India and tropical Southeast Asia including parts of Indonesia, Thailand and the Philippines. It is about 47 cm long.
This dark and crested cuckoo has chestnut wings, a glossy black crest and a graduated tail (the feathers shortening in steps from the center outwards) whose terminal edges are white and inconspicuous unlike the white tips of the Jacobin cuckoo which is found in parts of its range. The black capping on the head is broken from black of the back by a white collar that extends to the sides of the neck. The lower parts are rufous turning to dark grey towards the vent. Young birds are dusky with a scaly appearance to the wing feathers.
The species was first given its binomial name by Linnaeus in 1766. His description of what he called Cuculus coromandus was based on the notes of Brisson who described the bird as "Le coucou hupé de Coromandel" which was collected on the Coromandel coast of India (probably near Pondicherry which was a French colony). Buffon noticed the close relation to the Jacobin cuckoo and called it "le Jacobin huppé de
Coromande". The species was later placed under the genus names of Coccystes, Oxylophus before being placed in Clamator.
The species is found from the western Himalayas to the eastern Himalayas and extends into Southeast Asia. It has been recorded from India, Nepal, China, Indonesia, Laos, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, Malaysia, Vietnam, Sri Lanka and the Philippines. Some populations may be non-migratory.
During migration in India, it moves along the Eastern Ghats in its southward migration with exhausted individuals often being discovered in the vicinity of homes. In mid-October, they are found in numbers at Point Calimere, possibly in to Sri Lanka. Some appear to winter in the Western Ghats.
This cuckoo sometimes joins mixed species foraging flocks and is usually seen singly. The breeding season is in summer and it is said to lay its eggs mainly in the nest of Garrulax laughingthrushes, especially G. monileger and G. pectoralis. The eggs are very spherical. The calls include fluty twin-notes repeated with short intervals.
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- Clamator coromandus
- Thai: นกคัคคูหงอน, nok khak-khu ngon
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
- Ao Phang-Nga National Park
- Ban Laem District, Phetchaburi
- Bang Len District, Nakhon Pathom
- Bang Phra Non-hunting Area
- Bang Pu Recreation Centre
- Bangkok Province
- Bueng Boraped Non-hunting Area
- Chiang Saen District, Chiang Rai
- Doi Inthanon National Park
- Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park
- Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary
- Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kaeng Krachan District, Phetchaburi
- Kaeng Krachan National Park
- Kamphaeng Saen District, Nakhon Pathom
- Khao Luang National Park
- Khao Phra - Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park
- Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Sok National Park
- Khao Yai National Park
- Khao Yoi District, Phetchaburi
- Khlong Luang District, Pathum Thani
- Khon San District, Chaiyaphum
- Klaeng District, Rayong
- Kromluang Chumphon Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kui Buri National Park
- Mae Wong National Park
- Mu Ko Lanta National Park
- Mueang Chiang Mai District, Chiang Mai
- Mueang Khon Kaen District, Khon Kaen
- Mueang Krabi District, Krabi
- Mueang Nakhon Pathom District, Nakhon Pathom
- Mueang Nonthaburi District, Nonthaburi
- Mueang Phang Nga District, Phang Nga
- Mueang Phetchaburi District, Phetchaburi
- Mueang Samut Sakhon District, Samut Sakhon
- Mueang Suphanburi District, Suphan Buri
- Mueang Tak District, Tak
- Nam Nao National Park
- Pak Phanang District, Nakhon Si Thammarat
- Pak Phli District, Nakhon Nayok
- Phu Suan Sai National Park
- Phutthamonthon District, Nakhon Pathom
- Pran Buri Forest Park
- Sai Yok District, Kanchanaburi
- Sakaerat Environmental Research Station
- Salak Pra Wildlife Sanctuary
- Samae San Island
- Samut Prakan Province
- Sirinat National Park
- Sri Phang-nga National Park
- Tha Yang District, Phetchaburi
- Thanyaburi District, Pathum Thani
- Wat Phai Lom & Wat Ampu Wararam Non-hunting Area
- Yan Ta Khao District, Trang
Range map of Clamator coromandus in Thailand
Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.
Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.
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