Thai National Parks

Species of Thailand

Buff-rumped woodpecker

Meiglyptes grammithorax, Thomas Horsfield, 1821

(In Thai: นกหัวขวานลายตะโพกเหลือง)

The buff-rumped woodpecker (Meiglyptes tristis) is a species of bird in the family Picidae.

It is found in southern Myanmar, Thailand, Malaya, Java, Sumatra and Borneo.

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

The buff-rumped woodpecker was described by the American naturalist Thomas Horsfield in 1821 under the binomial name Picus tristis from a specimen collected in Java. The specific epithet tristis is Latin for "sad" or "gloomy". The species is now placed in the genus Meiglyptes that was introduced by the English naturalist William John Swainson in 1837.

Two subspecies are recognised:

  • M. t. grammithorax (Malherbe, 1862) – Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo and nearby islands
  • M. t. tristis (Horsfield, 1821) – Java

Some authorities treat the two subspecies as separate species with M. grammithorax as the buff-rumped woodpecker and M. tristis as the white-rumped woodpecker.

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Category / Seasonal Status

BCST Category: Recorded in an apparently wild state within the last 50 years

BCST Seasonal status: Resident or presumed resident

Scientific classification

Meiglyptes grammithorax

Common names

  • Thai: นกหัวขวานลายตะโพกเหลือง

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)


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Buff-rumped Woodpecker

Range Map

Distribution map of Buff-rumped woodpecker, Meiglyptes grammithorax in Thailand
  • Ao Phang-Nga National Park
  • Bang Lang National Park
  • Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Kaeng Krachan National Park
  • Kaeng Krung National Park
  • Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Luang National Park
  • Khao Nam Khang National Park
  • Khao Nan National Park
  • Khao Phanom Bencha National Park
  • Khao Phra - Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park
  • Khao Sok National Park
  • Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Ko Phayam
  • Mueang Phang Nga District, Phang Nga
  • San Kala Khiri National Park
  • Sri Phang-nga National Park
  • Sukhirin District, Narathiwat
  • Thale Ban National Park
  • Ton Nga-Chang Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Ton Pariwat Wildlife Sanctuary
Range map of Meiglyptes grammithorax in Thailand