Thai National Parks

Species of Thailand

Brown-breasted flycatcher

Muscicapa muttui

Edgar Leopold Layard, 1854

In Thai: นกจับแมลงอกสีน้ำตาล

The brown-breasted flycatcher or Layard's flycatcher (Muscicapa muttui) is a small passerine bird in the flycatcher family Muscicapidae. The species breeds in north eastern India, central and Southern China and northern Burma and Thailand, and migrates to southern India and Sri Lanka. It forages for insects below the forest canopy, often close to the forest floor.


The brown-breasted flycatcher is 13–14 cm in length and weighs between 10-14 g. The overall colour of the upper parts is olive brown. Some of the feather shafts are darker. The upper tail coverts are brighter rufous as are the edges of the flight feathers. The tail feathers have rufous on the outer webs. The lores are pale and the eye ring is conspicuous. The chin and throat are white while the breast and sides of the body are pale brown. The middle of the body to the vent is buffy white. Submoustachial stripes are faint but mark the boundary of the pale chin while the legs and lower mandible are pale flesh coloured. The most similar species is the Asian brown flycatcher, which has black rather than pale legs. It was named by Layard after Muttu, his servant who brought him the specimen.

Although no ringing evidence exists to prove their migration, it is thought that the winter migrants in southern India and Sri Lanka come from north-east India and northern Thailand. A subspecies stötzneri (incorrectly spelt as by E C Stuart Baker) described from Szechwan by Hugo Weigold in 1922 appears to fall within the range of visible geographic variations and is not usually recognized.

The usual call is very faint audible only at close range or a series of notes ending with a low .

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Category / Seasonal Status

Wiki listed status (concerning Thai population): Very rare

BCST Category: Recorded in an apparently wild state within the last 50 years

BCST Seasonal statuses:

  • Breeding visitor
  • Mainly spring and autumn passage migrant

Scientific classification

Muscicapa muttui

Common names

  • Thai: นกจับแมลงอกสีน้ำตาล


  • Butalis muttui
  • Alseonax muttui

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Endangered (IUCN3.1)

Endangered (ONEP)

Data Deficient (IUCN3.1)

Data Deficient (BCST)


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Brown-breasted flycatcher
Muscicapa muttui
Brown-breasted flycatcher
Brown-breasted flycatcher

Range Map

Distribution map of Brown-breasted flycatcher, Muscicapa muttui in Thailand
  • Bang Pu Recreation Centre
  • Bangkok Province
  • Doi Inthanon National Park
  • Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park
  • Klaeng District, Rayong
Range map of Muscicapa muttui in Thailand