Species of Thailand
Thai: นกแต้วแล้วธรรมดา, nok taewlaew thammadaa
Binomial name: Pitta moluccensis, Philipp Ludwig Statius Müller, 1776
The blue-winged pitta (Pitta moluccensis) is a passerine bird in the family Pittidae native to Australia and Southeast Asia. It forms a superspecies with three other pittas and has no subspecies.
The German naturalist Philipp Ludwig Statius Müller first described the blue-winged pitta in 1776. It forms a superspecies with the Indian pitta (P. brachyura), fairy pitta (P. nympha) and mangrove pitta (P. megarhyncha). Alternate common names include: lesser blue-winged pitta, the little blue-winged pitta, the Moluccan pitta, the Brève à ailes bleues (in French), the Kleine Blauflügelpitta (in German), and the Pita Aliazul (in Spanish).
Measuring 180 to(-) 205 mm in length, the blue-winged pitta has a black head with a buff-coloured supercilium, white chin and buff underparts. The shoulders and mantle are greenish, the wings are bright blue, and the vent is reddish. The bill is black, eyes are brown and the legs pale pink. Juveniles have similar patterned plumage but are duller. It resembles the mangrove pitta but can be distinguished by its shorter bill. The loud call has been transcribed as taew-laew taew-laew
Distribution and habitat
It is regularly found in Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. It is vagrant in Australia, Christmas Island, Taiwan and Hong Kong. Its natural habitat is subtropical and tropical moist lowland forests.
It is found in a variety of habitats to an altitude of 800 m (2500 ft), including broadleaved forests, parks and gardens, and mangroves, though avoids dense rainforest.
The range is much of southeast Asia and Indochina, from central Myanmar east through Thailand and into peninsular Malaysia. It is a winter visitor to Borneo and Sumatra, and a vagrant to the Philippines and Java. It is a rare vagrant to the northwestern coast of Australia.
The blue-winged pitta mostly feeds on worms and insects, hunting them on the ground or from a low branch or perch, but they also eat hard-shelled snails.
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- Pitta moluccensis
- Thai: นกแต้วแล้วธรรมดา, nok taewlaew thammadaa
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
- Ao Phang-Nga National Park
- Ban Bueng District, Chonburi
- Bang Lamung District, Chonburi
- Bang Lang National Park
- Bang Phra Non-hunting Area
- Bang Pu Recreation Centre
- Bangkok Province
- Bueng Khong Long Non-hunting Area
- Chaloem Phrakiat Thai Prachan National Park
- Chiang Saen District, Chiang Rai
- Doi Inthanon National Park
- Erawan National Park
- Hat Noppharat Thara - Mu Ko Phi Phi National Park
- Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kaeng Khoi District, Saraburi
- Kaeng Krachan District, Phetchaburi
- Kaeng Krachan National Park
- Kaeng Krung National Park
- Kantharawichai District, Maha Sarakham
- Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Khiao - Khao Chomphu Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Laem National Park
- Khao Luang National Park
- Khao Nam Khang National Park
- Khao Phanom Bencha National Park
- Khao Phra - Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Phra Thaeo Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park
- Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Sok National Park
- Khao Yai National Park
- Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khura Buri District, Phang Nga
- Klaeng District, Rayong
- Kromluang Chumphon Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kui Buri National Park
- Mae Ping National Park
- Mae Wong National Park
- Mu Ko Surin National Park
- Muak Lek District, Saraburi
- Mueang Chiang Mai District, Chiang Mai
- Mueang Krabi District, Krabi
- Mueang Lampang District, Lampang
- Mueang Nakhon Nayok District, Nakhon Nayok
- Mueang Nakhon Pathom District, Nakhon Pathom
- Mueang Ranong District, Ranong
- Mueang Sa Kaeo District, Sa Kaeo
- Mueang Suphanburi District, Suphan Buri
- Mueang Tak District, Tak
- Nong Ya Plong District, Phetchaburi
- Pak Phanang District, Nakhon Si Thammarat
- Phu Chong Na Yoi National Park
- Phu Foi Lom National Park
- Phu Khiao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Phu Wiang National Park
- Phutthamonthon District, Nakhon Pathom
- Sai Yok District, Kanchanaburi
- Sakaerat Environmental Research Station
- Si Racha District, Chonburi
- Sri Phang-nga National Park
- Takua Pa District, Phang Nga
- Tarutao National Marine Park
- Tha Yang District, Phetchaburi
- Thale Ban National Park
- Thale Noi Non-hunting Area
- Thap Lan National Park
- Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary
- Yan Ta Khao District, Trang
Range map of Pitta moluccensis in Thailand
Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.
Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.
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