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Marine spacies of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Blue ring angelfish

Binomial name: Pomacanthus annularis, Marcus Elieser Bloch, 1787

The blue ring angelfish (Pomacanthus annularis), also known as the Annularis Angelfish and the Blue King Angelfish, is an angelfish of the family Pomacanthidae. It is member of the genus Pomacanthus, composed of large marine angelfish.

Distribution

This species can be found in the Indo-West Pacific oceans from East Africa, throughout Indonesia and New Guinea to New Caledonia, north to southern Japan.

Habitat

These tropical marine fishes inhabits coastal rocky coral reefs and may be also encountered in caves or on wrecks, at depths of 3 - 30 mm.

Description

Pomacanthus annularis can reach a body length of about 45 cm, but usually the total body length get up to about 30 cm. Bodies are deeply compressed and the mouth is quite small. They have 13 dorsal spines, 20-21 dorsal soft rays, 3 anal spines and 20 anal soft rays.

Adults of the blue ring angelfish exhibit a dark orange to brown or violet coloring with a blue ring near their head (hence the common name) and blue horizontal semicircular marks on the middle of the body. Two blue stripes cross the face. The caudal fin is white. Juveniles of the blue ring angelfishes are at first a dark blue, almost black, with broad turquoise and white vertical stripes.

These fishes show a considerable resemblance to the Emperor Angelfish in that it undergoes changes in coloring in its development from youth to maturity.

Biology and behavior

Blue ring angelfishes are frequently encountered in pairs. Similarly to other species of the genus Pomacanthus these angelfishes live in harem, as the male defends a territory and controls a few females. After a courtship ritual males and females release eggs and sperm. At the beginning of life all juveniles are females (protogynous hermaphrodites), becoming males during the development, with a complete color variation from the juvenile to adult stage. Juveniles prefer very shallow waters with rock or dead coral substrates and short filamentous algae. Adults mainly feed on zooplankton, sponges, filamentous algae and tunicates.

In the aquarium

Blue ring angelfish is a highly sought after and prized angelfish. Often it can reach a length near 12 inches in captivity. In the aquarium they are algae grazers but consume fish and coral flesh as well. They are known to eat shrimps and nibble on both large polyped stony and small polyped stony corals. Overall most seasoned reef aquarists do not recommend keeping this species in a reef aquarium due to these habits.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Actinopterygii
Order
Perciformes
Family
Pomacanthidae
Genus
Pomacanthus
Species
Pomacanthus annularis

Common names

  • English:
    • Blue ring angelfish
    • Blue-ringed angelfish
    • Ringed angelfish

Synonyms

  • Pomacanthodes annularis, Marcus Elieser Bloch (1787)
  • Chaetodon annularis, Marcus Elieser Bloch (1787)

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Range Map

Range map of Pomacanthus annularis in Thailand