Binomial name: Pycnonotus atriceps, Coenraad Jacob Temminck, 1822
The black-headed bulbul (Brachypodius melanocephalos) is a member of the bulbul family, Pycnonotidae. It is found in forests in south-eastern Asia.
Taxonomy and systematics
The black-headed bulbul was originally described in the genus Turdus. It was later moved to the large bulbul genus Pycnonotus as Pycnonotus atriceps. Pycnonotus was found to be polyphyletic in recent molecular phylogeny studies and the species transferred to Brachypodius with the species epithet melanocephalos, which has priority over atriceps..
Until 2008, the Andaman bulbul was considered as a subspecies of the black-headed bulbul.
Four subspecies are recognized:
B. m. melanocephalos (Gmelin, 1788) (synonym B. m. atriceps (Temminck, 1822)): found in north-eastern India and Bangladesh though Southeast Asia to the Greater Sunda Islands and western Philippines
B. m. hyperemnus (Oberholser, 1912)f: Found on western Sumatran islands
B. m. baweanus Finsch, 1901: originally described as a separate species. Found on Bawean (north of Java)
B. m. hodiernus (Bangs & Peters, JL, 1927): originally described as a separate species. Found on Maratua Island (off eastern Borneo)
The black-headed bulbul has a mainly olive-yellow plumage with a glossy bluish-black head. A grey morph where most of the olive-yellow is replaced by grey also exists. It resembles the black-crested bulbul, but has blue eyes (though not reliable in juveniles), a broad yellow tip to the tail, and never shows a crest (however, some subspecies of the black-crested are also essentially crestless, but they have red or yellow throats).
Behavior and ecology
The black-headed bulbul mainly feeds on small fruit and berries, but will also take insects. It commonly occurs in small flocks, comprising 6-8 individuals.
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Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Aves Order Passeriformes Family Pycnonotidae Genus Pycnonotus Species Pycnonotus atriceps
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
Black-headed bulbul range
Ao Phang-Nga National Park Ban Bueng District, Chonburi Ban Lat District, Phetchaburi Bang Lamung District, Chonburi Bang Lang National Park Bang Phra Non-Hunting Area Bang Saphan Noi District, Prachuap Khiri Khan Bangkok Province Bueng Khong Long Non-Hunting Area Chae Son National Park Chaloem Phrakiat Thai Prachan National Park Chaloem Rattanakosin National Park Chat Trakan Waterfall National Park Chiang Dao District, Chiang Mai Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary Chiang Khong District, Chiang Rai Chiang Saen District, Chiang Rai Doi Chong National Park Doi Inthanon National Park Doi Lo District, Chiang Mai Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park Doi Phu Kha National Park Doi Suthep-Pui National Park Erawan National Park Fang District, Chiang Mai Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary Hang Chat District, Lampang Hat Noppharat Thara - Mu Ko Phi Phi National Park Hat Wanakon National Park Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary Kaeng Khoi District, Saraburi Kaeng Krachan District, Phetchaburi Kaeng Krachan National Park Kaeng Krung National Park Kaeng Som Maew Queen Sirikit Forest Park Kanthararom District, Sisaket Khanom District, Nakhon Si Thammarat Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Chong Khao Dinsor (Chumphon Raptor Center) Khao Khitchakut National Park Khao Laem Ya National Park Khao Lak - Lam Ru National Park Khao Luang National Park Khao Nam Khang National Park Khao Nan National Park Khao Phanom Bencha National Park Khao Phra - Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Phra Thaeo Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park Khao Sanam Prieng Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Sok National Park Khao Yai National Park Khlong Hoi Khong District, Songkhla Khlong Kaeo Waterfall National Park Khlong Lan National Park Khlong Nakha Wildlife Sanctuary Khon San District, Chaiyaphum Khuan Khanun District, Phatthalung Khun Chae National Park Khun Korn Forest Park Khun Tan District, Chiang Rai Khung Kraben Non-Hunting Area Khura Buri District, Phang Nga Ko Lanta National Park Ko Libong Ko Phayam Ko Phra Thong Ko Samui District, Surat Thani Kromluang Chumphon Wildlife Sanctuary Kui Buri National Park Laem Ngop District, Trat Mae Ai District, Chiang Mai Mae Chan District, Chiang Rai Mae Fa Luang District, Chiang Rai Mae Mo District, Lampang Mae Moei National Park Mae Ping National Park Mae Rim District, Chiang Mai Mae Taeng District, Chiang Mai Mae Tha, Lampang District, Lampang Mae Wong National Park Mancha Khiri District, Khon Kaen Mu Ko Chang National Park Muak Lek District, Saraburi Mueang Chiang Mai District, Chiang Mai Mueang Chiang Rai District, Chiang Rai Mueang Chumphon District, Chumphon Mueang Kanchanaburi District, Kanchanaburi Mueang Krabi District, Krabi Mueang Lampang District, Lampang Mueang Loei District, Loei Mueang Nakhon Nayok District, Nakhon Nayok Mueang Nan District, Nan Mueang Phang Nga District, Phang Nga Mueang Phetchaburi District, Phetchaburi Mueang Phuket District, Phuket Mueang Ranong District, Ranong Mueang Ratchaburi District, Ratchaburi Mueang Rayong District, Rayong Mueang Sukhothai District, Sukhothai Mueang Tak District, Tak Nam Nao National Park Nam Phong National Park Ngao Waterfall National Park Nong Bong Khai Non-Hunting Area Nong Thung Thong Non-Hunting Area Nong Ya Plong District, Phetchaburi Nong Yai Area Development Project Under Royal Init Ob Khan National Park Pa Sang District, Lamphun Pachee River Wildlife Sanctuary Pae Mueang Pee Forest Park Pai District, Mae Hong Son Pang Sida National Park Pha Daeng National Park Pha Nam Yoi Forest Park Phan District, Chiang Rai Phato District, Chumphon Phu Foi Lom National Park Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park Phu Khiao Wildlife Sanctuary Phu Kradueng National Park Phu Phan National Park Phu Suan Sai National Park Phu Toei National Park Phu Wiang National Park Pran Buri District, Prachuap Khiri Khan Ramkhamhaeng National Park Sai Yok District, Kanchanaburi Sakaerat Environmental Research Station Salak Pra Wildlife Sanctuary Salawin National Park San Kala Khiri National Park San Sai District, Chiang Mai Sanam Chai Khet District, Chachoengsao Sangkhom District, Nong Khai Sattahip District, Chonburi Si Racha District, Chonburi Si Satchanalai District, Sukhothai Sirinat National Park Sri Phang-nga National Park Surin Islands Ta Phraya National Park Tai Rom Yen National Park Taksin Maharat National Park Takua Pa District, Phang Nga Tat Mok National Park Tha Chana District, Surat Thani Tha Sala District, Nakhon Si Thammarat Tha Yang District, Phetchaburi Thale Ban National Park Tham Chao Ram Wildlife Sanctuary Than Sadet - Koh Pha-Ngan National Park Thanyaburi District, Pathum Thani Thap Lan National Park Thong Pha Phum District, Kanchanaburi Thung Salaeng Luang National Park Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary Ton Nga-Chang Wildlife Sanctuary Ton Pariwat Wildlife Sanctuary Wang Mai Forest Restoration Project Wat Tham Erawan Non-Hunting Area Watthana Nakhon District, Sa Kaeo Wiang Kaen District, Chiang Rai Wiang Lo Wildlife Sanctuary Yan Ta Khao District, Trang Range map of Pycnonotus atriceps in Thailand
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