Binomial name: Pycnonotus flaviventris, Johann Friedrich Gmelin, 1789
The black-crested bulbul (Rubigula flaviventris) is a member of the bulbul family of passerine birds. It is found from the Indian subcontinent to southeast Asia.
Taxonomy and systematics
The black-crested bulbul was originally described in the genus Vanga and later moved to genus Pycnonotus. Pycnonotus was found to be polyphyletic in recent molecular phylogenetic studies and five bulbul species, including the black-crested bulbul, moved to Rubigula.
Until 2008, the black-crested bulbul was considered as conspecific with the black-capped, ruby-throated, flame-throated and Bornean bulbuls.
Eight subspecies are recognized:
Black-crested yellow bulbul (P. f. flaviventris) - (Tickell, 1833): Found from Nepal, northern and eastern India (including Pachmarhi in central India) to southern China and central Myanmar
P. f. vantynei - Deignan, 1948: Found from eastern and southern Myanmar to southern China and northern Indochina
P. f. xanthops - Deignan, 1948: Found in south-eastern Myanmar and western Thailand
P. f. auratus - Deignan, 1948: Found in north-eastern Thailand and western Laos
P. f. johnsoni - (Gyldenstolpe, 1913): Originally described as a separate species. Found in central and eastern Thailand, southern Indochina
P. f. elbeli - Deignan, 1954: Found on islands off eastern coast of Thailand
P. f. negatus - Deignan, 1954: Found in southern Myanmar and south-western Thailand
P. f. caecilii - Deignan, 1948: Found on the northern Malay Peninsula
The black-crested bulbul is generally about 19 cm in length. As the name suggests, the head of this bulbul is black while the rest of its body is different shades of yellow. Both the male and female are similar in plumage. One can make out a younger bird by its slightly duller coloring.
Distribution and habitat
This is a bird of forest and dense scrub.
Behaviour and ecology
It builds its nest in a bush; two to four eggs is a typical clutch. The black-crested bulbul feeds on fruit and insects.
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Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Aves Order Passeriformes Family Pycnonotidae Genus Pycnonotus Species Pycnonotus flaviventris
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
Ban Bueng District, Chonburi Ban Hong Non-Hunting Area Bang Lamung District, Chonburi Bang Lang National Park Bang Phra Non-Hunting Area Bang Pu Recreation Centre Bang Saphan Noi District, Prachuap Khiri Khan Bangkok Province Bueng Boraped Non-Hunting Area Chae Hom District, Lampang Chae Son National Park Chaloem Phra Kiat District, Saraburi Chaloem Phrakiat Thai Prachan National Park Chaloem Rattanakosin National Park Chat Trakan Waterfall National Park Chiang Dao District, Chiang Mai Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary Chiang Khong District, Chiang Rai Chiang Saen District, Chiang Rai Doi Chong National Park Doi Inthanon National Park Doi Khun Tan National Park Doi Lang Doi Lo District, Chiang Mai Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park Doi Phu Kha National Park Doi Saket District, Chiang Mai Doi Suthep-Pui National Park Erawan National Park Fang District, Chiang Mai Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary Hang Chat District, Lampang Hat Wanakon National Park Hua Hin District, Prachuap Khiri Khan Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary Huai Nam Dang National Park Huai Yang Waterfall National Park Kaeng Khoi District, Saraburi Kaeng Krachan National Park Kaeng Krung National Park Kaeng Som Maew Queen Sirikit Forest Park Kanthararom District, Sisaket Kaset Sombun District, Chaiyaphum Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Dinsor (Chumphon Raptor Center) Khao Khiao - Khao Chomphu Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Khitchakut National Park Khao Laem National Park Khao Lak - Lam Ru National Park Khao Luang National Park Khao Nam Khang National Park Khao Nan National Park Khao Phra - Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Phra Thaeo Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park Khao Sanam Prieng Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Sok National Park Khao Yai National Park Khlong Lan National Park Khlong Nakha Wildlife Sanctuary Khlong Phanom National Park Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary Khlong Wang Chao National Park Khon San District, Chaiyaphum Khun Chae National Park Khun Korn Forest Park Khun Nan National Park Khun Phawo National Park Khun Tan District, Chiang Rai Khung Kraben Non-Hunting Area Khura Buri District, Phang Nga Ko Samui District, Surat Thani Kromluang Chumphon Wildlife Sanctuary Kui Buri National Park Laem Pak Bia Lam Nam Kok National Park Lan Sang National Park Mae Ai District, Chiang Mai Mae Chan District, Chiang Rai Mae Fa Luang District, Chiang Rai Mae Mo District, Lampang Mae Moei National Park Mae Ngao National Park Mae Ping National Park Mae Rim District, Chiang Mai Mae Sot District, Tak Mae Taeng District, Chiang Mai Mae Wong National Park Mu Ko Chang National Park Muak Lek District, Saraburi Mueang Chiang Mai District, Chiang Mai Mueang Chiang Rai District, Chiang Rai Mueang Chumphon District, Chumphon Mueang Kanchanaburi District, Kanchanaburi Mueang Krabi District, Krabi Mueang Lampang District, Lampang Mueang Loei District, Loei Mueang Nakhon Nayok District, Nakhon Nayok Mueang Nan District, Nan Mueang Phetchaburi District, Phetchaburi Mueang Phuket District, Phuket Mueang Ranong District, Ranong Mueang Rayong District, Rayong Mueang Sukhothai District, Sukhothai Mueang Tak District, Tak Nam Nao National Park Nam Phong National Park Namtok Mae Surin National Park Namtok Phlio National Park Namtok Sam Lan National Park Ngao Waterfall National Park Non Din Daeng District, Buriram Nong Bong Khai Non-Hunting Area Nong Ya Plong District, Phetchaburi Ob Khan National Park Omkoi Wildlife Sanctuary Pa Sang District, Lamphun Pachee River Wildlife Sanctuary Pai District, Mae Hong Son Pak Thale Pang Sida National Park Pang Sila Thong District, Kamphaeng Phet Pha Daeng National Park Pha Hin Ngam National Park Pha Nam Yoi Forest Park Pha Taem National Park Phan District, Chiang Rai Phato District, Chumphon Phatthana Nikhom District, Lopburi Phu Chong Na Yoi National Park Phu Foi Lom National Park Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park Phu Khiao Wildlife Sanctuary Phu Kradueng National Park Phu Langka National Park Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary Phu Pha Thoep National Park Phu Phan National Park Phu Ruea National Park Phu Sa Dok Bua National Park Phu Soi Dao National Park Phu Suan Sai National Park Phu Toei National Park Phu Wiang National Park Phutthamonthon District, Nakhon Pathom Pran Buri District, Prachuap Khiri Khan Ramkhamhaeng National Park Sai Yok District, Kanchanaburi Sai Yok National Park Sakaerat Environmental Research Station Salak Pra Wildlife Sanctuary Salawin National Park Samut Prakan Province San Kala Khiri National Park Sanam Chai Khet District, Chachoengsao Sangkhla Buri District, Kanchanaburi Sangkhom District, Nong Khai Sattahip District, Chonburi Si Racha District, Chonburi Si Sawat District, Kanchanaburi Sri Nakarin Dam National Park Sri Phang-nga National Park Ta Phraya National Park Tai Rom Yen National Park Taksin Maharat National Park Takua Pa District, Phang Nga Tat Mok National Park Tha Yang District, Phetchaburi Thalang District, Phuket Thale Ban National Park Tham Chao Ram Wildlife Sanctuary Tham Pratun Non-Hunting Area Tham Sakoen National Park Thanyaburi District, Pathum Thani Thap Lan National Park Thong Pha Phum District, Kanchanaburi Thong Pha Phum National Park Thung Salaeng Luang National Park Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary Ton Pariwat Wildlife Sanctuary Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary Wang Mai Forest Restoration Project Wat Phai Lom & Wat Ampu Wararam Non-Hunting Area Watthana Nakhon District, Sa Kaeo Wiang Kaen District, Chiang Rai Wiang Lo Wildlife Sanctuary Yan Ta Khao District, Trang Range map of Pycnonotus flaviventris in Thailand
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