Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Asian dowitcher

In Thai: นกซ่อมทะเลอกแดง, nok som tha-le ok daeng

Binomial name: Limnodromus semipalmatus, Edward Blyth, 1848

The Asian dowitcher (Limnodromus semipalmatus) is a rare medium-large wader.


Adults have dark legs and a long straight dark bill, somewhat shorter than that of the long-billed dowitcher. The body is brown on top and reddish underneath in breeding plumage. The tail has a black and white barred pattern. The winter plumage is largely grey.

Their breeding habitat is grassy wetlands in inland Siberia and Manchuria. They migrate to southeast Asia as far south as northern Australia, although both the breeding and wintering areas are poorly known. This bird is always found on coasts during migration and wintering.

These birds forage by probing in shallow water or on wet mud. They mainly eat insects, mollusks, crustaceans and marine worms, but also eat some plant material.

Closer species

The confusion species for this bird is not, as might be expected, one of the American dowitchers, which in any case do not overlap in range, because the Asian bird is much larger. It closely resembles a small bar-tailed godwit, although the dowitcher "sewing machine" feeding action and the yelping call are distinctions from the more widespread bird.

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Scientific classification

Limnodromus semipalmatus

Common names

  • English:
    • Asian dowitcher
    • Asiatic dowitcher
  • French: Limnodrome semipalmé
  • Thai: นกซ่อมทะเลอกแดง, nok som tha-le ok daeng

Conservation status

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Range Map

Distribution map of Asian dowitcher, Limnodromus semipalmatus in Thailand
  • Ban Laem District, Phetchaburi
  • Bang Pu Recreation Centre
  • Bangkok Province
  • Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park
  • Laem Pak Bia
  • Mueang Chonburi District, Chonburi
  • Mueang Krabi District, Krabi
  • Mueang Pattani District, Pattani
  • Mueang Phetchaburi District, Phetchaburi
  • Mueang Samut Sakhon District, Samut Sakhon
  • Mueang Samut Songkhram District, Samut Songkhram
  • Pak Thale
  • Takua Pa District, Phang Nga
Range map of Limnodromus semipalmatus in Thailand