Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

White-crowned hornbill

Binomial name: Berenicornis comatus (Thomas Stamford Raffles, 1822)

The white-crowned hornbill (Berenicornis comatus), also known as the long-crested hornbill or white-crested hornbill (leading to easy confusion with the African white-crested hornbill), is a species of hornbill.

Taxonomy

It is monotypic within the genus Berenicornis, although rarely the white-crested hornbill is also included in this genus, and the white-crowned hornbill is sometimes placed in genus Aceros instead.

Description

Berenicornis comatus is a large hornbill, reaching a length of 83 - 102 cm and a weight of 1.3 - 1.5 kg. Females are smaller than males. The plumage is black and white. The head, neck, breast and tail are white, while the remaining plumage is black. It has a white crown feathers erected in a crest (hence the common name). Between the eye and the bill and on the throat there is bare dark blue skin. The bill is mainly black, with a yellowish base. Like most hornbills, it has a blackish casque on the top if its bill. The female has a black neck and underparts. These birds are territorial and feed on various fruits, lizards, arthropods and larvae.

Distribution

This species is found in the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo.

Habitat

This bird inhabits rainforests at low and medium altitudes, usually at an elevation below 900 meters. It may also be found on fruit, oil-palm and rubber plantations. It is threatened by habitat destruction.

Behavior

The female lays two white eggs in a tree hole, then seals herself in by blocking the entrance to the nest with droppings, debris and mud. The male, and other adults and young forming a cooperative group, feed the breeding female and the chicks through a narrow hole. The female breaks the "wall" and leaves the nest when the chicks are able to fly.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike Licence 3.0. Please see license details for photos in photo by-lines.

Videos of White-crowned hornbill

  • White-crowned hornbill (female) - Khao Luang National Park

    White-crowned hornbill (female) - Khao Luang National Park

Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Bucerotiformes
Family
Bucerotidae
Genus
Berenicornis
Species
Berenicornis comatus

White-crowned hornbill is found in following locations in Thailand

Please note that this non-official list is not complete nor necessarily accurate. This list is a summary of checklists from other websites, blogs, publications, photo/videos published on various websites or our own findings. We appreciate your contributions with photo proof.

Conservation status

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

White-crowned hornbill

White-crowned hornbill

Copyright iStockphoto,

Distribution map of White-crowned hornbill, Berenicornis comatus in Thailand

Range map of Berenicornis comatus in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are generated automatically based on very limited data we have about the protected sites, the data is not necessarily accurate. Please help us to improve our range maps by sharing your findings/knowledge.