Thai National Parks

Reptiles of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Long-tailed grass lizard

Binomial name: Takydromus sexlineatus, François Marie Daudin, 1802

The Asian grass lizard, six-striped long-tailed lizard, or long-tailed grass lizard (Takydromus sexlineatus) is an arboreal, diurnal species of lizard. The tail length is usually over three times the body (snout to vent) length in this species.

Males and females are similar, males being distinguishable by the presence of pre-anal pores. On average they grow to around 12 cm abbrv=on

snout-to-vent length, with the addition of a distinctive, prehensile long tail. Some individuals may have small circular spots on the sides of the bodies. This species of lizard is kept as a pet.

Like geckos they can drop their tail and grow a new one when attacked.

Appearance

The Long Tailed grass lizard is easily identifiable by a long tail, and has a white to cream coloured underbelly with a brown, green or beige back, often adorned with brown stripes of different shades. It typically has a small head with a sharply pointed snout and black or pink tongue. Its body is slightly elongated and thin with small pointy scales beneath the chin resembling a beard. Males have white spots on their sides, while females do not. Males have tails that thicken past the vent and are generally thicker than the female's down the entire length of the tail. The light stripes on the length of the body are yellower than the female's, which are more cream colored. They grow up to 12 inches (30 cm.) long, with the tail usually being three times their body length.

Distribution

The Takydromus sexlineatus is found throughout South East Asia, and is native to a number of countries including India, China, Thailand, and Indonesia. The subspecies ocellatus is found in areas such as southern China, north Burma and north Malaysia.

Behavior

These are entirely diurnal lizards that emerge in the early morning to bask in the sun. If a potential predator approaches they will first remain completely still, and then if the danger persists, they will flee to the safety of foliage. Both sexes use arm-waving gestures (similar to a front crawl swimming action), apparently to communicate with each other. They are very agile and fast.

Diet

Takydromus sexlineatus feeds on small insects such as flies, In captivity they can be reared on Crickets and like other small lizards may require a calcium substitute. It is advisable in captivity to vary food including mealworms, sterile maggots or waxworms in addition to crickets although it is possible to feed them garden caught insects. Unlike some larger reptiles, these lizards have extremely fast reactions and have been observed jumping into the air to catch flying prey such as flies.

Thai folklore

In Thailand Takydromus sexlineatus was called S̄āngh̄̀ā () or Ngūkhā (งูคา) a mysterious creature that no one knows what the reality is. It is believed that it was a snake with legs. And a venomous animal bites to be death.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike Licence 3.0. Photos in this page may or may not be from Wikipedia, please see the license details for photos in photo by-lines.

Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Reptilia
Order
Squamata
Suborder
Lacertilia
Family
Lacertidae
Genus
Takydromus
Species
Takydromus sexlineatus

Common names

  • German: Sechsstreifen-Langschwanzeidechse
  • English:
    • Asian grass lizard
    • Six-striped long-tailed grass lizard
    • Long-tailed lizard

Subspecies

  • Takydromus sexlineatus ocellatus, Georges-Frédéric Cuvier, 1829

    Range: S China, Hainan, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, N Burma, N Malaysia.

  • Takydromus sexlineatus sexlineatus, François Marie Daudin, 1802

    Range: India, China, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysian Peninsula, Indonesia (Sumatra, Java, Borneo)

Synonyms

  • Takydromus sexlineatus ocellatus, Alexandre Teynié et al. (2010)
  • Takydromus sexlineatus ocellatus, Vladimir V. Bobrov & Dmitry V. Semenov (2008)
  • Takydromus sexlineatus, Edwin Nicholas Arnold et al. (2007)
  • Takydromus sexlineatus ocellatus, Uwe Schlüter (2003)
  • Takydromus sexlineatus, Merel J. Cox et al. (1998)
  • Takydromus sexlineatus, Ulrich Manthey & Wolfgang Grossmann (1997)
  • Takydromus sexlineatus, Edward Harrison Taylor (1963)
  • Takydromus sexlineatus meridionalis, Glass (1946)
  • Takydromus sexlineatus sexlineatus, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1935)
  • Takydromus sexlineatus ocellatus, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1935)
  • Tachydromus kwangsiensis, Ernst Ahl (1930)
  • Tachydromus kwangsiensis, Christoph Gustav Ernst Ahl (1930)
  • Tachydromus sexlineatus, Nelly de Rooij (1915)
  • Tachydromus meridionalis, Albert Charles Lewis Günther (1864)
  • Tachydromus sexlineatus var. aenofuscus, Wilhelm Karl Hartwich Peters (1863)
  • Tachydromus sexlineatus, André Marie Constant Duméril & Gabriel Bibron (1839)
  • Tachydromus typus, John Edward Gray (1838)
  • Takydromus sexlineatus ocellatus, Félix Édouard Guérin-Méneville (1829)
  • Tachydromus ocellatus, Félix Édouard Guérin-Méneville (1829)
  • Takydromus sexlineatus, François Marie Daudin (1802)
  • Takydromus quadrilineatus, François Marie Daudin (1802)
Distribution map of Long-tailed grass lizard, Takydromus sexlineatus in Thailand

Range map of Takydromus sexlineatus in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits and Parinya Pawangkhanant for their help with many range data.

Contribute or get help with ID

Please help us improving our species range maps. To add a new location to the range map we need a clear image of the specimen you have encountered. No problem if you do not know the species, we will do our best to identify it for you.

For the location, please provide the district name or the national park/ wildlife sanctuary name.

Please post your images to our Thai Species Identification Help group on Facebook.