Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Spotted elachura

Binomial name: Elachura formosa, Arthur Hay, 9th Marquess of Tweeddale, 1874

The spotted elachura or spotted wren-babbler (Elachura formosa) is a species of passerine bird found in the forests of the eastern Himalayas and Southeast Asia. In the past it was included in the babbler genus Spelaeornis as S. formosus, but molecular phylogenetic studies in 2014 provided evidence that it was distinct from the babblers and part of a basal lineage (one that diverged early) with no other close living relatives within the passerine bird clade Passerida. This led to the creation of a new family, Elachuridae, to accommodate just one species (a monotypic taxon).

Description

The spotted elachura measures 10 cm including its short tail. It is brown above and white below. It is dark brown all over, with rufous wings and tail. It also has white speckles all over its body, shifting to black barring on its wings and tail.

Habitat and distribution

It is found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, and Vietnam. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. This species is found in undergrowth and dense thickets of this type of forest, with a preference for thick fern ground cover, mossy rocks and decaying trunks of fallen trees and brushwood (often near stream or creek) long grass and scrub.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Passeriformes
Family
Elachuridae
Genus
Elachura
Species
Elachura formosa

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Photos

Spelaeornis formosus Keulemans

Range Map

Distribution map of Spotted elachura, Elachura formosa in Thailand
Range map of Elachura formosa in Thailand