Species of Thailand
Red-billed blue magpie
Thai: นกขุนแผน, nok khunphaen
Binomial name: Urocissa erythroryncha, Pieter Boddaert, 1783
The red-billed blue magpie (Urocissa erythrorhyncha) is a species of bird in the crow family Corvidae. It is about the same size as the European magpie but has a much longer tail, the longest tail of any corvid. It is 65–68 cm (26–27 in) long and weighs 196-232 grams (6.9-8.2 oz).
The head, neck and breast are black with a bluish spotting on the crown. The shoulders and rump are a duller blue and the underparts are a greyish cream. The long tail is a brighter blue (as are the wing primaries) with a broad white tip. The bill is a bright orange-red as are the legs and feet and a ring around the eye. This red can vary across its range to almost yellow in some birds.
Habits and habitat
The red-billed blue magpie occurs in a broad swathe from the northern parts of the Indian Subcontinent, and further eastwards. It ranges from the Western Himalayas eastwards into Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam in evergreen forest and scrub in predominantly hilly or mountainous country. They nest in trees and large shrubs in a relatively shallow nest. There are usually three to five eggs laid.
Food is sought both in trees and on the ground. It takes the usual wide range of food, such as invertebrates, other small animals, and fruit and some seeds. It robs nests of eggs and also chicks. Vocal mimicry is very apparent in this species and its calls are very varied, but the most usual are a grating rattle and a high pitched whistle a little like a flute.
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- Urocissa erythroryncha
- Thai: นกขุนแผน, nok khunphaen
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
- Ban Hong Non-hunting Area
- Bangkok Province
- Chaloem Rattanakosin National Park
- Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Chiang Saen District, Chiang Rai
- Doi Chong National Park
- Doi Inthanon National Park
- Doi Lo District, Chiang Mai
- Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park
- Doi Saket District, Chiang Mai
- Doi Suthep-Pui National Park
- Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kaeng Krachan National Park
- Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park
- Khao Yai National Park
- Khlong Luang District, Pathum Thani
- Khon San District, Chaiyaphum
- Khun Chae National Park
- Khun Nan National Park
- Lan Sang National Park
- Mae Fa Luang District, Chiang Rai
- Mae Ngao National Park
- Mae Ping National Park
- Mae Rim District, Chiang Mai
- Mae Taeng District, Chiang Mai
- Mae Wong National Park
- Mueang Chiang Mai District, Chiang Mai
- Mueang Lamphun District, Lamphun
- Mueang Ratchaburi District, Ratchaburi
- Mueang Tak District, Tak
- Nam Nao National Park
- Namtok Mae Surin National Park
- Namtok Pha Charoen National Park
- Pai District, Mae Hong Son
- Pang Sila Thong District, Kamphaeng Phet
- Phon Phisai District, Nong Khai
- Phu Foi Lom National Park
- Phu Khiao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Phutthamonthon District, Nakhon Pathom
- Sakaerat Environmental Research Station
- Salak Pra Wildlife Sanctuary
- Salawin National Park
- Samae San Island
- Samut Prakan Province
- Sri Nakarin Dam National Park
- Thap Lan National Park
- Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary
- Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary
- Wiang Lo Wildlife Sanctuary
Range map of Urocissa erythroryncha in Thailand
Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.
Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.
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