Species of Thailand
Oriental dwarf kingfisher
Thai: นกกะเต็นน้อยสามนิ้ว, nok kraten noi saam niu
Binomial name: Ceyx erithaca, Carolus Linnaeus, 1758
The Oriental dwarf kingfisher (Ceyx erithaca) also known as the black-backed kingfisher or three-toed kingfisher is a species of bird in the Alcedinidae family.
This is a small, red and yellow kingfisher, averaging 13 cm in length, yellow underparts with glowing bluish-black upperparts. This is a widespread resident of lowland forest, endemic across much of the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It is found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Sri Lanka and Thailand.
The preferred habitat is small streams in densely shaded forests. In the Konkan region of southwest India, it begins to breed with the onset of the Southwest Monsoon in June. The nest is a horizontal tunnel up to a metre in length. The clutch of 4-5 eggs hatches in 17 days with both the male and female incubating. The birds fledge after 20 days and a second brood may be raised if the first fails. The young are fed with geckos, skinks, crabs, snails, frogs, crickets and dragonflies. The rufous-backed kingfisher is sometimes considered a subspecies.
This article uses material from Wikipedia released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike Licence 3.0. Eventual photos shown in this page may or may not be from Wikipedia, please see the license details for photos in photo by-lines.
- Ceyx erithaca
- Thai: นกกะเต็นน้อยสามนิ้ว, nok kraten noi saam niu
- Ceyx rufidorsa, Hugh Edwin Strickland (1847)
- Ceyx erithacus, Carolus Linnaeus (1758)
- Ceyx tridactylus
- Ceyx microsoma
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
- Bangkok Province
- Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Doi Lo District, Chiang Mai
- Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary
- Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kaeng Krachan District, Phetchaburi
- Kaeng Krachan National Park
- Khao Luang National Park
- Khao Phra - Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park
- Khao Sok National Park
- Khao Yai National Park
- Klaeng District, Rayong
- Kui Buri National Park
- Mueang Chiang Mai District, Chiang Mai
- Mueang Khon Kaen District, Khon Kaen
- Mueang Krabi District, Krabi
- Mueang Maha Sarakham District, Maha Sarakham
- Nong Plak Phra Ya – Khao Raya Bangsa Non-hunting
- Phu Suan Sai National Park
- Samut Prakan Province
- Sri Phang-nga National Park
- Thai Mueang District, Phang Nga
Range map of Ceyx erithaca in Thailand
Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.
Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.
Contribute or get help with ID
Please help us improving our species range maps. To add a new location to the range map we need a clear image of the specimen you have encountered. No problem if you do not know the species, we will do our best to identify it for you.
For the location, please provide the district name or the national park/ wildlife sanctuary name.
Please post your images to our Thai Species Identification Help group on Facebook.