Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Orange-backed woodpecker

In Thai: นกหัวขวานหลังสีส้ม, nok hua khwaan lang see som

Binomial name: Reinwardtipicus validus, Coenraad Jacob Temminck, 1825

The orange-backed woodpecker (Reinwardtipicus validus) is a bird in the woodpecker family Picidae. It is found in southern Thailand, Malaya, Sarawak and Sabah in Malaysia, Brunei, Sumatra and Java. It is placed in its own monotypic genus Reinwardtipicus.


The orange-backed woodpecker was described and illustrated in 1825 by the Dutch zoologist Coenraad Jacob Temminck in his Nouveau recueil de planches coloriées d'oiseaux from specimens that had been collected on the Indonesian island of Java. He coined the binomial name Pic validus. The woodpecker is now the sole species placed in the genus Reinwardtipicus that was erected in 1854 by the French naturalist Charles Lucien Bonaparte to accommodate the orange-backed woodpecker. The genus name Reinwardtipicus was chosen to honour the Dutch naturalist Caspar Reinwardt. His name is combined with picus, the Latin word for a woodpecker. The specific epithet validus is a Latin word meaning "strong" or "powerful". The orange-backed woodpecker belongs to the tribe Campephilini in the subfamily Picinae. Molecular genetic studies have show that the species is closely related to the woodpeckers in the genus Chrysocolaptes.

Two subspecies are recognised:

  • R. v. xanthopygius (Finsch, 1905) – the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo
  • R. v. validus (Temminck, 1825) – Java

This article uses material from Wikipedia released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike Licence 3.0. Eventual photos shown in this page may or may not be from Wikipedia, please see the license details for photos in photo by-lines.

Scientific classification

Reinwardtipicus validus

Common names

  • Thai: นกหัวขวานหลังสีส้ม, nok hua khwaan lang see som


  • Orange-backed woodpecker, Coenraad Jacob Temminck, 1825

    Range: Java

  • Reinwardtipicus validus xanthopygius, Friedrich Hermann Otto Finsch, 1905

    Range: Thailand (extreme south) to Sumatra, Borneo, Riau Arch., North Natuna Is.


  • Chrysocolaptes validus, Coenraad Jacob Temminck (1825)
  • Reinwardtipicus validus, Coenraad Jacob Temminck (1825)

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)


No photo for this species yet

Range Map

Distribution map of Orange-backed woodpecker, Reinwardtipicus validus in Thailand
Range map of Reinwardtipicus validus in Thailand