Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Malayan night heron

Binomial name: Gorsachius melanolophus, Thomas Stamford Raffles, 1822

The Malayan night heron (Gorsachius melanolophus) also known as Malaysian night heron, is a medium-sized heron. It is distributed in southern and eastern Asia, breeding in India, Taiwan, China, and the Philippines.

Description

The Malayan night heron stands about 47 cm tall. The adult is reddish brown with streaked underparts, black underwings, and a black crown. The lores are blue but can vary in colour after moulting. The sexes are similar, but the male may have a darker crest and some birds, especially females, may retain juvenile plumage. The juvenile is greyish brown with black and white spots, and its underparts are streaked.

Biology

This bird occurs in subtropical and tropical swamps, streams, and marshes, especially in regions with high rainfall. It nests in forests in trees and bamboo, and forages in open areas. The most common food items are earthworms and frogs, and it will sometimes eat fish.

Conservation

The bird has a large range and its global population is between 2, 000 and 20, 000 individuals. Its population trend is not known, but it does not meet the criteria for a vulnerable species status.

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Videos of Malayan night heron

  • Malayan night heron

    Malayan night heron

  • Malayan night heron

    Malayan night heron

  • Malayan night heron

    Malayan night heron

  • Malayan night heron

    Malayan night heron

Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Pelecaniformes
Family
Ardeidae
Genus
Gorsachius
Species
Gorsachius melanolophus

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Distribution map of Malayan night heron, Gorsachius melanolophus in Thailand

Range map of Gorsachius melanolophus in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits and Parinya Pawangkhanant for their help with many range data.

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