Thai National Parks

Mammals of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Long-tongued fruit bat

Binomial name: Macroglossus sobrinus, Knud Christian Andersen, 1911

The long-tongued fruit bat (Macroglossus sobrinus) is a species of megabat.


M. sobrinus specimens were mist-netted from Doi Suthep, Sungai Enam, Kuala Gandah, Wang Pinang Malaysia to Taleban on the Asian mainland. This species is distributed in Burma, Thailand, Vietnam and Peninsular Sumatra, Java and Bali. This species is commonly found in hilly areas in Malaysia.

Biology and ecology

Five adult males and five adult females were recorded. On 25 March 1997, a full-term foetus was aborted by a pregnant female taken from Wang Pinang. Males with enlarged testes suggested they were in a sexually active state at Taleban in March 1997, Kuala Gandah in July 1997, and Doi Suthep in May 1997. M. sobrinus specimens that were netted were all associated with banana plants in most sites, and with flowering trees in Doi Suthep.

M. sobrinus can be isolated from M. minimus by external morphological measurements. Comparatively, M. sobranus is smaller than M. minimus in the forearm length (43.35 to 46.95 mm vs 40 to 43 mm) and head length (30.05 to 30.54 mm vs 26 to 28 mm) and heavier body weight (17 to 23 g vs 13 to 19 g). However, the tail length (0-2 mm versus 0-5 mm) and hind foot (8 - 9 mm versus 15-18 mm) disagreed to that of Lekagul and McNeely (1977).

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Scientific classification

Macroglossus sobrinus

Common names

  • English:
    • Greater long-nosed fruit bat
    • Greater long-tongued fruit bat
    • Greater bectar bat
    • Hill long-tongued fruit bat


  • Macroglossus fraternus, Frederick Nutter Chasen & Cecil Boden Kloss (1928)
  • Macroglossus minimus, Knud Christian Andersen (1911)

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Range map of Macroglossus sobrinus in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

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