Thai National Parks

Marine spacies of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Little dragonfish

Binomial name: Eurypegasus draconis, Carolus Linnaeus, 1766

The little dragonfish or short dragonfish, among various other vernacular names, Eurypegasus draconis, is a species of marine fish in the family Pegasidae.

The little dragonfish is widespread throughout the tropical waters of the Indo-Pacific, Red Sea included.

This small fish can grow up to 10 cm length.

The little dragonfish sheds it skin in one piece. It is estimated that millions of these kind of fish are sold for traditional medicine each year in China and Hong Kong alone.

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Scientific classification

Eurypegasus draconis

Common names

  • English:
    • Little dragonfish
    • Short dragonfish


  • Pegasus umitengu, David Starr Jordan & John Otterbein Snyder (1901)
  • Zalises umitengu, David Starr Jordan & John Otterbein Snyder (1901)
  • Pegasus pauciradiatus, William Ogilby (1886)
  • Cataphractus draco, Laurence Theodore Gronow (1854)
  • Pegasus latirostris, John Richardson (1846)
  • Pegassus draco (err), George Shaw (1804)
  • Pegasus draco, George Shaw (1804)
  • Europegasus draconis (err), Carolus Linnaeus (1766)
  • Pegasus draconis, Carolus Linnaeus (1766)
  • Surypegasus draconis, Carolus Linnaeus (1766)
  • Zalises draconis, Carolus Linnaeus (1766)

Conservation status

Data Deficient (IUCN3.1)

Data Deficient (IUCN3.1)

Range map of Eurypegasus draconis in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

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