Species of Thailand
Thai: นกเขียวปากงุ้ม, nok khiew paak ngum
Binomial name: Calyptomena viridis
The green broadbill (Calyptomena viridis) also known as the lesser green broadbill is a small bird in the broadbill family.
The bird is about 17 cm long, plumaged in brilliant green with a black ear patch, widely-gaped bill, rounded head, short tail and three black bars on each wing. The beak itself is very weak and almost hidden by the crest above it. Both sexes are similar. The female is duller and has no black markings on its ear patch and wing coverts.
Distribution and habitat
The green broadbill is distributed in broadleaved evergreen forests of Borneo, Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula where it frequents lowland and lower montane rainforest.
It is often overlooked, as it sits motionless inside the canopy or just below, quickly flying to a new location if disturbed. Its foliage-green color provides excellent camouflage.
It feeds largely on soft figs. The broadbill's feeding habits helps to distribute the seeds of the fig around the forest floor. The female usually lays between two to three whitish eggs, and the young fledge after twenty-two to twenty-three days.
Status and conservation
Due to continuing habitat loss, the green broadbill is evaluated as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
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- Calyptomena viridis
- Thai: นกเขียวปากงุ้ม, nok khiew paak ngum
Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)
- Bang Lang National Park
- Betong District, Yala
- Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kaeng Krachan National Park
- Kaeng Krung National Park
- Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Luang National Park
- Khao Nam Khang National Park
- Khao Nan National Park
- Khao Phra - Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Phra Thaeo Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park
- Khao Sok National Park
- Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khura Buri District, Phang Nga
- Kui Buri National Park
- Mueang Krabi District, Krabi
- San Kala Khiri National Park
- Sri Phang-nga National Park
- Thale Ban National Park
- Ton Nga-Chang Wildlife Sanctuary
Range map of Calyptomena viridis in Thailand
Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.
Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.
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