Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Green broadbill

In Thai: นกเขียวปากงุ้ม, nok khiew paak ngum

Binomial name: Calyptomena viridis

The green broadbill (Calyptomena viridis) also known as the lesser green broadbill is a small bird in the family Calyptomenidae. It was formerly classified in the family Eurylaimidae, a group of closely related birds that share the name "broadbill."

Description

The bird is about 17 cm long, plumaged in brilliant green with a black ear patch, widely gaped bill, rounded head, short tail and three black bars on each wing. The beak itself is very weak and almost hidden by the crest above it. Both sexes are similar. The female is duller and has no black markings on its ear patch and wing coverts.

Distribution and habitat

The green broadbill is distributed in broadleaved evergreen forests of Borneo, Sumatra, and the Malay Peninsula where it frequents lowland and lower montane rainforest.

Behaviour

It is often overlooked, as it sits motionless inside the canopy or just below, quickly flying to a new location if disturbed. Its foliage-green color provides excellent camouflage.

It feeds largely on soft figs. The broadbill's feeding habits helps to distribute the seeds of the fig around the forest floor. The female usually lays between two and three whitish eggs, and the young fledge after twenty-two to twenty-three days.

Status and conservation

Due to continuing habitat loss, the green broadbill is evaluated as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Passeriformes
Family
Eurylaimidae
Genus
Calyptomena
Species
Calyptomena viridis

Common names

  • Thai: นกเขียวปากงุ้ม, nok khiew paak ngum

Conservation status

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Photos

Green broadbill
Green broadbill (female)
Green broadbill

Range Map

Distribution map of Green broadbill, Calyptomena viridis in Thailand
Range map of Calyptomena viridis in Thailand