Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Garnet pitta

In Thai: นกแต้วแล้วแดงมลายู, nok taewlaew daeng Malayu

Binomial name: Pitta granatina, Coenraad Jacob Temminck, 1830

The garnet pitta (Erythropitta granatina) is a species of bird in the family Pittidae. It is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, and Thailand. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest. It is threatened by habitat loss. The form occurring in the Malaysian state of Sabah has been split as the black-crowned pitta (Erythropitta ussheri).

Diet

The garnet pitta is an insectivore, feeding mainly on ants, wood grubs, cockroaches, and beetles.

Characteristics

The Garnet pitta is about 17 cm long. The bird has a black head with a bright blue stripe at the eyebrows and a red cap. The breast is dark blue at the top, and carmine red beneath. The back and wings are bright blue. Juvenile pittas have a mostly brown color (see illustration).

Breeding

Pairs mate between March and August. A pair will lay a clutch of two eggs.

Status

The Garnet pitta is considered as near threatened on the IUCN red list. Its natural habitat is threatened by systematic illegal deforestation and damaging forest fires.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Passeriformes
Family
Pittidae
Genus
Pitta
Species
Pitta granatina

Common names

  • Thai: นกแต้วแล้วแดงมลายู, nok taewlaew daeng Malayu

Subspecies

  • Pitta granatina coccinea, Thomas Campbell Eyton, 1839

    Range: Malay Peninsula, South Peninsular Thailand, South Myanmar and Sumatra

  • Pitta granatina granatina, Coenraad Jacob Temminck, 1830

    Range: Borneo

Synonyms

  • Erythropitta granatina, Coenraad Jacob Temminck (1830)
  • Pitta granatina

Conservation status

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Photos

No photo for this species yet

Range Map

Distribution map of Garnet pitta, Pitta granatina in Thailand
  • Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary
Range map of Pitta granatina in Thailand