Species of Thailand
Erythropitta granatina, Coenraad Jacob Temminck, 1830
(In Thai: นกแต้วแล้วแดงมลายู)
The garnet pitta (Erythropitta granatina) is a species of bird in the family Pittidae. It is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, and Thailand. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest. It is threatened by habitat loss. The form occurring in the Malaysian state of Sabah has been split as the black-crowned pitta (Erythropitta ussheri).
The garnet pitta is an insectivore, feeding mainly on ants, wood grubs, cockroaches, and beetles.
The Garnet pitta is about 17 cm long. The bird has a black head with a bright blue stripe at the eyebrows and a red cap. The breast is dark blue at the top, and carmine red beneath. The back and wings are bright blue. Juvenile pittas have a mostly brown color (see illustration).
Pairs mate between March and August. A pair will lay a clutch of two eggs.
The Garnet pitta is considered as near threatened on the IUCN red list. Its natural habitat is threatened by systematic illegal deforestation and damaging forest fires.
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Category / Seasonal Status
Wiki listed status (concerning Thai population): Rare
BCST Category: Recorded in an apparently wild state within the last 50 years
BCST Seasonal status: Resident or presumed resident
- Erythropitta granatina
- Thai: นกแต้วแล้วแดงมลายู
Pitta granatina coccinea, Thomas Campbell Eyton, 1839
Range: Malay Peninsula, South Peninsular Thailand, South Myanmar and Sumatra
Pitta granatina granatina, Coenraad Jacob Temminck, 1830
- Erythropitta granatina, Coenraad Jacob Temminck (1830)
- Pitta granatina
Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)
Near Threatened (BirdLife)
Critically Endangered (ONEP)