In Thai: นกหัวขวานสามนิ้วหลังทอง, nok hua khwaan saam niu lang thong
Binomial name: Dinopium javanense, Sven Ingemar Ljungh, 1797
The common flameback or common goldenback (Dinopium javanense) is a species of bird in the family Picidae. It is found in Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. The spot-throated flameback is sometimes considered a subspecies.
Description and ecology
This species measures 28-32 cm (11-12.6 inches) in length. It usually weighs about 67-100 grams (2.4-3.5 ounces).
It has a flaming golden back and long, solid black moustachial stripes. Both sexes have black eyestripes joined to black rear neck stripe. Male has red crown, female has black crown. Black-scaled white underparts and red rump contrasting with black tail. Rather small bill, and only three toes on each foot. The greater flameback (Chrysocolaptes lucidus) looks quite similar.
Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, and subtropical or tropical mangrove forest.
The common flameback has six subspecies. They are as follows:
D. j. javanense
D. j. malabaricum
D. j. intermedium
D. j. borneonense
D. j. raveni
D. j. exsul
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Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Aves Order Piciformes Family Picidae Genus Dinopium Species Dinopium javanense
Thai: นกหัวขวานสามนิ้วหลังทอง, nok hua khwaan saam niu lang thong
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
Common flameback (female)
Common flameback (male)
Common flameback (female)
Ao Phang-Nga National Park Ban Bueng District, Chonburi Bangkok Province Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary Chiang Saen District, Chiang Rai Doi Inthanon National Park Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park Erawan National Park Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary Hat Chao Mai National Park Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary Kaeng Krachan District, Phetchaburi Kaeng Krachan National Park Khanom District, Nakhon Si Thammarat Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Laem National Park Khao Lak - Lam Ru National Park Khao Luang National Park Khao Phra Thaeo Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Sok National Park Khao Yai National Park Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary Khon San District, Chaiyaphum Khuan Khanun District, Phatthalung Khura Buri District, Phang Nga Ko Lanta National Park Ko Phayam Ko Phra Thong Kromluang Chumphon Wildlife Sanctuary Kui Buri National Park La-ngu District, Satun Laem Son National Park Mae Moei National Park Mae Ping National Park Mae Wong National Park Mueang Kanchanaburi District, Kanchanaburi Mueang Krabi District, Krabi Mueang Nakhon Nayok District, Nakhon Nayok Mueang Phang Nga District, Phang Nga Mueang Phetchaburi District, Phetchaburi Mueang Phuket District, Phuket Mueang Prachuap Khiri Khan District, Prachuap Khiri Khan Mueang Satun District, Satun Mueang Surat Thani District, Surat Thani Mueang Tak District, Tak Nam Nao National Park Namtok Sam Lan National Park Non Din Daeng District, Buriram Nong Plak Phra Ya – Khao Raya Bangsa Non-Hunting Omkoi Wildlife Sanctuary Pa Sang District, Lamphun Pachee River Wildlife Sanctuary Pai District, Mae Hong Son Pak Phanang District, Nakhon Si Thammarat Pang Sida National Park Phi Phi Islands Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya District, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park Phu Khiao Wildlife Sanctuary Phutthamonthon District, Nakhon Pathom Sai Yok District, Kanchanaburi Sai Yok National Park Sakaerat Environmental Research Station Salak Pra Wildlife Sanctuary Sawi District, Chumphon Si Racha District, Chonburi Sirinat National Park Sri Nakarin Dam National Park Sri Phang-nga National Park Takua Pa District, Phang Nga Tha Sala District, Nakhon Si Thammarat Tha Yang District, Phetchaburi Thai Mueang District, Phang Nga Thalang District, Phuket Thale Noi Non-Hunting Area Thap Lan National Park Thung Salaeng Luang National Park Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary Wang Mai Forest Restoration Project Wapi Pathum District, Maha Sarakham Range map of Dinopium javanense in Thailand
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Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.
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