Species of Thailand

Chinese goral

Naemorhedus griseus, Henri Milne-Edwards, 1874

(In Thai: กวางผา)

The Chinese goral (Naemorhedus griseus), also known as the grey long-tailed goral, is a species of goral, a small goat-like ungulate, native to mountainous regions of Myanmar, China, India, Thailand, Vietnam, and possibly Laos. In some parts of its range, it is overhunted. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has listed it as a "vulnerable species".

Description

The Chinese goral is intermediate between an antelope and a goat and grows to a shoulder height of 50 to 78 cm and length of 82 to 130 cm. It is stockily built with long, stout limbs and broad hooves. The horns are short and conical and the ears fairly long and pointed. The four teats are in contrast to sheep and goats which normally have two. The coat consists of a short, dense under layer and an upper layer of longer, semierect, coarse guard hairs. The colour is somewhat variable, ranging from pale grey to dark brown or reddish brown. A dark stripe runs along the back and the throat and underparts are pale.

Distribution and habitat

The Chinese goral is native to parts of southeastern Asia. Its range extends from northeastern India, Myanmar and northwestern Thailand, through northern Vietnam and possibly northern Laos, to most of China apart from the extreme north and west. It is a mountain species and is found in rugged, inaccessible areas, on steep slopes and plateaus, normally staying in rocky areas, but sometimes venturing into nearby evergreen-deciduous forest and mixed woodland.

Behaviour

Chinese gorals live in small groups of up to 12 individuals, though older males are usually solitary. They are wary and retiring, spending their time on high rocky slopes where they can evade such predators as the wolf and leopard. They move to lower ground in winter. They browse predominately on twigs and leaves of bushes, but also consume grass, nuts, and acorns. Breeding takes place in late spring when one or two kids are born after a gestation period of about 215 days. The young can walk soon after birth and are weaned in the autumn, remaining with the mother throughout the winter.

Status

The chief threat faced by the Chinese goral is hunting. Animals are killed for their meat and fur and also for medicine. Part of their range is in protected areas where they should be safe, but elsewhere populations are declining. This is thought to be due to overhunting, and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed the Chinese goral as being a "vulnerable species".

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Mammalia
Order
Artiodactyla
Family
Bovidae
Genus
Naemorhedus
Species
Naemorhedus griseus

Common names

  • German: Chinesische Goral
  • English:
    • Chinese goral
    • Grey long-tailed goral
  • Spanish:
    • Goral gris
    • Goral chino
  • French:
    • Goral gris
    • Goral chinois
  • Italian: Goral della Cina
  • Dutch: Chinese goral
  • Russian: Бирманский серый горал
  • Swedish: Kinesisk goral
  • Thai: กวางผา

Synonyms

  • Naemorhedus caudatus, Henri Milne-Edwards (1871)

Conservation status

Vulnerable (IUCN3.1)

Vulnerable (IUCN3.1)

Photos

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Nemorhaedus griseus arnouxianus

Range Map

Distribution map of Chinese goral, Naemorhedus griseus in Thailand
  • Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Doi Inthanon National Park
  • Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park
  • Erawan National Park
  • Lum Nam Pai Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Mae Lao-Mae Sae Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Mae Ping National Park
  • Mae Tuen Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Namtok Mae Surin National Park
  • Omkoi Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Op Luang National Park
  • Pha Daeng National Park
  • Salawin National Park
  • Si Lanna National Park
  • Si Satchanalai National Park
  • Tham Pla - Namtok Pha Suea National Park
Range map of Naemorhedus griseus in Thailand