Thai National Parks

Species of Thailand

Checkerboard wrasse

Binomial name: Halichoeres hortulanus, Bernard Germain de Lacépède, 1801

The checkerboard wrasse, Halichoeres hortulanus, is a species of wrasse native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean.

Range

This species can be found from Red Sea to South Africa and eastward to the Line Islands, the Marquesas, and the Tuamotus, and from southern Japan, south to the southern parts of the Great Barrier Reef.

Description

This species sports a checkerboard pattern on its sides; males are greener with a yellow dorsal spot. Small juveniles are black and white, gradually changing with growth to the adult pattern. It can reach 27 cm in total length.

Diet

Mainly molluscs, crustaceans, and sea urchins make up its diet.

Habitat

It is usually found in clear lagoons and on seaward reefs at depths from 1 to 30 m. Juveniles are found at the bottom of surge channels or under ledges. Males are territorial over a large area.

Use by humans

This species is of minor importance to local commercial fisheries and can also be found in the aquarium trade.

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Videos of Checkerboard wrasse

  • Checkerboard wrasse

    Checkerboard wrasse

Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Actinopterygii
Order
Perciformes
Family
Labridae
Genus
Halichoeres
Species
Halichoeres hortulanus

Common names

  • English:
    • Checkerboard wrasse
    • Four-spot wrasse
    • Rainbowfish
    • Wall wrasse
  • French:
    • Arc en ciel jaune
    • Girelle
    • Girelle échiquier
    • Lalo damier
    • Tamarin

Synonyms

  • Halichoeres centiquadrus, Bernard Germain de Lacépède (1801)
  • Halichoeres centriquadrus, Bernard Germain de Lacépède (1801)
  • Halichoeres hortulans, Bernard Germain de Lacépède (1801)
  • Halichoeres hortulanus centiquadrus, Bernard Germain de Lacépède (1801)
  • Labrus centiquadrus, Bernard Germain de Lacépède (1801)
  • Labrus hortulanus, Bernard Germain de Lacépède (1801)
  • Hemitautoga centiquadrus, Bernard Germain de Lacépède (1801)

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Range map of Halichoeres hortulanus in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

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