Thai National Parks

Mammals of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Cave nectar bat

Binomial name: Eonycteris spelaea, George Edward Dobson, 1871

Cave nectar bat (Eonycteris spelaea), common names also include dawn bat, common dawn bat, common nectar bat and lesser dawn bat , is a species of megabat within the genus Eonycteris. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and caves, and it is threatened by habitat loss. E. spelaea is the sole pollinator of the durian fruit, a crop that contributes $120 million US dollars to the economies of Southeast Asia each year.

Distribution

E. spelaea is found in India, China, Southeast Asia, Philippines, Sumatra, Java and Borneo. It had been previously recorded from Gomantong, Sukau, Segama and Madai in Sabah; Niah, Sungai Tinjar and Kuching in Sarawak; and Sungai Tengah and Kutai in Kalimantan.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Mammalia
Order
Chiroptera
Family
Pteropodidae
Genus
Eonycteris
Species
Eonycteris spelaea

Common names

  • English:
    • Common dawn bat
    • Common nectar bat
    • Dawn bat
    • Lesser dawn bat

Synonyms

  • Eonycteris spelaea, Maharadatunkamsi & D.J. Kitchener (1997)
  • Eonycteris bernsteini, George Henry Hamilton Tate (1942)
  • Eonycteris spelaea, George Newbold Lawrence (1939)
  • Eonycteris spelaea, Fredericus Anna Jentink (1889)
  • Macroglossus spelaeus, George Edward Dobson (1871)

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Range map of Eonycteris spelaea in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

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