Thai National Parks

Mammals of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Cave nectar bat

Binomial name: Eonycteris spelaea, George Edward Dobson, 1871

Cave nectar bat (Eonycteris spelaea), common names also include dawn bat, common dawn bat, common nectar bat and lesser dawn bat , is a species of megabat within the genus Eonycteris. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and caves, and it is threatened by habitat loss. E. spelaea is the sole pollinator of the durian fruit, a crop that contributes $120 million US dollars to the economies of Southeast Asia each year.


E. spelaea is found in India, China, Southeast Asia, Philippines, Sumatra, Java and Borneo. It had been previously recorded from Gomantong, Sukau, Segama and Madai in Sabah; Niah, Sungai Tinjar and Kuching in Sarawak; and Sungai Tengah and Kutai in Kalimantan.

This article uses material from Wikipedia released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike Licence 3.0. Eventual photos shown in this page may or may not be from Wikipedia, please see the license details for photos in photo by-lines.

Scientific classification

Eonycteris spelaea

Common names

  • English:
    • Common dawn bat
    • Common nectar bat
    • Dawn bat
    • Lesser dawn bat


  • Eonycteris spelaea, Maharadatunkamsi & D.J. Kitchener (1997)
  • Eonycteris bernsteini, George Henry Hamilton Tate (1942)
  • Eonycteris spelaea, George Newbold Lawrence (1939)
  • Eonycteris spelaea, Fredericus Anna Jentink (1889)
  • Macroglossus spelaeus, George Edward Dobson (1871)

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Range map of Eonycteris spelaea in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

Contribute or get help with ID

Please help us improving our species range maps. To add a new location to the range map we need a clear image of the specimen you have encountered. No problem if you do not know the species, we will do our best to identify it for you.

For the location, please provide the district name or the national park/ wildlife sanctuary name.

Please post your images to our Thai Species Identification Help group on Facebook.