Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Blue-rumped parrot

Thai: นกหกใหญ่, nok hok yai

Binomial name: Psittinus cyanurus, Johann Reinhold Forster, 1795

The Blue-rumped Parrot (Psittinus cyanurus) is a parrot found in the very southern tip of Myanmar, peninsular Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra and nearby islands. It is a small parrot (18 cm) and is primarily green with bright red underwing coverts, a reddish shoulder patch, and yellowish margins on the wing coverts. It is sexually dimorphic. The female has a grey-brown head. The male has a black mantle, red upper mandible, and blue head and rump.

It is the only member of the genus Psittinus.

There are three subspecies:

  • P. c. cyanurus: Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, Sumatra.
  • P. c. pontius: Mentawi Islands southwards from Siberut. Larger than the nominate subspecies.
  • P. c. abbottii: Simeulue. Male head mostly green except around eye and ears, black mantle smaller. Even larger than pontius

It is found in lowland forests, generally below 700 m, in forest, open woodland, orchards and plantations, mangroves, dense scrub, and coconut groves. It occurs in flocks up to 20 birds. They eat seeds, fruit and blossoms.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Psittaciformes
Family
Psittaculidae
Genus
Psittinus
Species
Psittinus cyanurus

Common names

  • Thai: นกหกใหญ่, nok hok yai

Conservation status

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Distribution map of Blue-rumped parrot, Psittinus cyanurus in Thailand

Range map of Psittinus cyanurus in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

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