Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Banded kingfisher

Binomial name: Lacedo pulchella (Thomas Horsfield, 1821)

The banded kingfisher (Lacedo pulchella) is a tree kingfisher found in the lowland tropical forests of Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos. Malaysia, Sumatra, Java and Brunei. It is extinct in Singapore. It is the only member of the genus Lacedo.

Description

The banded kingfisher is a 20 cm long kingfisher with a sturdy red bill and a short crest which is slowly raised and lowered. It shows striking sexual dimorphism compared to most of its relatives. The adult male has a chestnut forehead, cheeks and nape, and a bright blue cap. The rest of the upperparts, wings and tail are black with blue bands. The breast, flanks and undertail are rufous, and the central belly is white.

The adult female is equally striking, with black-and-rufous-banded upperparts, and white underparts with some black bars on the chest and flanks. Young birds are duller than the adult of the same sex, have a brown and orange bill, and dusky barring on the underparts.

The call is a long whistled wheeeoo followed by 15 repetitions of chiwiu in 17 seconds, the second syllable gradually fading away. The banded kingfisher will respond to imitations of its call.

Behaviour

This is a bird of lowland rainforest found up to 1700 m in Brunei, but normally below 1100 m altitude in the rest of its range. Unlike most kingfishers, it does not need pools or streams in its territory.

The nest is a hole in a rotting tree trunk, or sometimes in the spherical nest of tree termites. Two to five white eggs are laid.

The banded kingfisher hunts large insects and occasionally small lizards, usually taken in the trees, but sometimes from the ground.

Status

This species is uncommon but widespread in much of its range. It is rare in Java, very rare in Sumatra and extinct in Singapore.

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Videos of Banded kingfisher

  • Banded kingfisher (male) - Kaeng Krachan National Park

    Banded kingfisher (male) - Kaeng Krachan National Park

  • Banded kingfisher

    Banded kingfisher

  • Banded kingfisher

    Banded kingfisher

  • Banded kingfisher

    Banded kingfisher

  • Banded kingfisher

    Banded kingfisher

  • Banded kingfisher (female) - Khao Luang National Park

    Banded kingfisher (female) - Khao Luang National Park

  • Banded kingfisher

    Banded kingfisher

  • Banded kingfisher

    Banded kingfisher

  • Banded kingfisher

    Banded kingfisher

  • Banded kingfisher

    Banded kingfisher

  • Banded kingfisher (male) - Kaeng Krachan National Park

    Banded kingfisher (male) - Kaeng Krachan National Park

  • Banded kingfisher (female)

    Banded kingfisher (female)

  • Banded kingfisher (female)

    Banded kingfisher (female)

  • Banded kingfisher (male)

    Banded kingfisher (male)

  • Banded kingfisher

    Banded kingfisher

  • Banded kingfisher - Kaeng Krachan National Park

    Banded kingfisher - Kaeng Krachan National Park

  • Banded Kingfisher, Kaeng Krachan National Park

    Banded Kingfisher, Kaeng Krachan National Park

  • Banded kingfisher - Fraser's Hill, Malaysia

    Banded kingfisher - Fraser's Hill, Malaysia

Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Coraciiformes
Family
Halcyonidae
Genus
Lacedo
Species
Lacedo pulchella

Subspecies

  • Lacedo pulchella amabilis (Allan Octavian Hume, 1873) - Breeds from northern Malaysia northwards. It is slightly larger than the nominate form. The male has a blue nape, and the female is more rufous than pulchella.
  • Lacedo pulchella melanops (Charles Lucien Bonaparte, 1850) - Breeds in Brunei. The male has a black forehead, cheeks and nape.
  • Lacedo pulchella pulchella (nominate) (Thomas Horsfield, 1821) - Breeds in Malaysia south of 7°N, Sumatra and Java.

Banded kingfisher is found in following locations in Thailand

Please note that this non-official list is not complete nor necessarily accurate. This list is a summary of checklists from other websites, blogs, publications, photo/videos published on various websites or our own findings. We appreciate your contributions with photo proof.

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Banded kingfisher - Khao Yai National Park

Banded kingfisher - Khao Yai National Park

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Thai National Parks

Banded kingfishers - Khao Yai National Park

Banded kingfishers - Khao Yai National Park

Copyright 123RF,

Banded kingfisher - Khao Yai National Park

Banded kingfisher - Khao Yai National Park

Copyright iStockphoto,

Range map of Lacedo pulchella in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are generated automatically based on very limited data we have about the protected sites, the data is not necessarily accurate. Please help us to improve our range maps by sharing your findings/knowledge.