Species of Thailand
Thai: นกกะเต็นลาย, nok kraten lai
Binomial name: Lacedo pulchella, Thomas Horsfield, 1821
The banded kingfisher (Lacedo pulchella) is a tree kingfisher found in the lowland tropical forests of Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos. Malaysia, Sumatra, Java and Brunei. It is extinct in Singapore. It is the only member of the genus Lacedo.
The banded kingfisher is a 20 cm long kingfisher with a sturdy red bill and a short crest which is slowly raised and lowered. It shows striking sexual dimorphism compared to most of its relatives. The adult male has a chestnut forehead, cheeks and nape, and a bright blue cap. The rest of the upperparts, wings and tail are black with blue bands. The breast, flanks and undertail are rufous, and the central belly is white.
The adult female is equally striking, with black-and-rufous-banded upperparts, and white underparts with some black bars on the chest and flanks. Young birds are duller than the adult of the same sex, have a brown and orange bill, and dusky barring on the underparts.
The call is a long whistled wheeeoo followed by 15 repetitions of chiwiu in 17 seconds, the second syllable gradually fading away. The banded kingfisher will respond to imitations of its call.
This is a bird of lowland rainforest found up to 1700 m in Brunei, but normally below 1100 m altitude in the rest of its range. Unlike most kingfishers, it does not need pools or streams in its territory.
The nest is a hole in a rotting tree trunk, or sometimes in the spherical nest of tree termites. Two to five white eggs are laid.
The banded kingfisher hunts large insects and occasionally small lizards, usually taken in the trees, but sometimes from the ground.
This species is uncommon but widespread in much of its range. It is rare in Java, very rare in Sumatra and extinct in Singapore.
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- Lacedo pulchella
- Thai: นกกะเต็นลาย, nok kraten lai
Lacedo pulchella amabilis, Allan Octavian Hume, 1873
Range: Breeds from northern Malaysia northwards. It is slightly larger than the nominate form. The male has a blue nape, and the female is more rufous than pulchella.
Lacedo pulchella melanops, Charles Lucien Bonaparte, 1850
Range: Breeds in Brunei. The male has a black forehead, cheeks and nape.
Lacedo pulchella pulchella (nominate), Thomas Horsfield, 1821
Range: Breeds in Malaysia south of 7°N, Sumatra and Java.
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
- Ao Phang-Nga National Park
- Bang Lang National Park
- Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Doi Inthanon National Park
- Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary
- Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kaeng Krachan District, Phetchaburi
- Kaeng Krachan National Park
- Kaeng Krung National Park
- Khao Banthad Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Laem National Park
- Khao Laem Ya National Park
- Khao Luang National Park
- Khao Nam Khang National Park
- Khao Nan National Park
- Khao Phanom Bencha National Park
- Khao Phra - Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park
- Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Sok National Park
- Khao Yai National Park
- Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khon San District, Chaiyaphum
- Kromluang Chumphon Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kui Buri National Park
- Laem Pak Bia
- Mae Wong National Park
- Mueang Chumphon District, Chumphon
- Mueang Krabi District, Krabi
- Nam Nao National Park
- Pak Thale
- Pang Sida National Park
- Pha Daeng National Park
- Phu Khiao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Sai Yok National Park
- Sakaerat Environmental Research Station
- San Kala Khiri National Park
- Sangkhla Buri District, Kanchanaburi
- Sri Nakarin Dam National Park
- Sri Phang-nga National Park
- Takua Pa District, Phang Nga
- Tat Mok National Park
- Thale Ban National Park
- Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary
- Ton Nga-Chang Wildlife Sanctuary
- Ton Pariwat Wildlife Sanctuary
Range map of Lacedo pulchella in Thailand
Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.
Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.
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